How unique is the name Xipe? first-person plural possessive singular of tēuctli; (he is) our lord. The late Post-classical Maya also adopted Xipe Totec and representations of the god survive at Oxkintok, Chichen Itza and Mayapan. Cited Source. Xipe Totec, (Nahuatl: “Our Lord the Flayed One”) Mesoamerican god of spring and new vegetation and patron of goldsmiths. 7. Xipe Totec \ʃi.pe tɔ.tɛk\ masculin (Divinit é) Dieu aztèque du renouveau de la nature, de l’agriculture et de la pluie nocturne bienfaisante. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, pp.422, 468.  Among this group, those who stole gold or silver were sacrificed to Xipe Totec. Xipe Totec emerging from rotting, flayed skin after twenty days symbolised rebirth and the renewal of the seasons, the casting off of the old and the growth of new vegetation. Xipe Totec, the Aztec god of spring and regeneration, appears in many Mesoamerican cults. Xipe Totec appears in codices with his right hand upraised and his left hand extending towards the front. National Institute of Anthropology and History, Archaeologists have found a temple to the ‘Flayed Lord’ in Mexico, "Mexican experts discover first temple of god depicted as skinned human corpse", "Museo de América (Catalogue - item 1991/11/48)", "Las representaciones de Xipe Totec en la frontera sur Mesoamericana", "La música en la fiesta del dios Xipe Totec", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xipe_Totec&oldid=996712957, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 06:05.  Xipe Totec is represented wearing flayed human skin, usually with the flayed skin of the hands falling loose from the wrists. While some Aztec gods had names that require interpretation to understand, Xipe Totec’s name simply meant “Our Lord the Flayed One.”2This was an apt name, as he was nearly always depicted wearing the flayed skin of a sacrificial victim. Origin and Meaning of Totec Submit the origin and/or meaning of Totec to us below. Rattles were put in the right hand and a gold shield was put in the left hand, while red sandals were put on their feet decorated with quail-feathers. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.423. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422, Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.478, Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.423. The Popolucas built the temple in an area called Ndachjian-Tehuacan between AD 1000 and 1260 prior to Aztec invasion of the area..  Xipe was a patron to all metalworkers (teocuitlapizque), but he was particularly associated with the goldsmiths. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Définitions de Xipe_Totec, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Xipe_Totec, dictionnaire analogique de Xipe_Totec (français) While in the houses, they sat down on sheaves of tzapote leaves and put on necklaces which were made of ears of corn and flowers. Michael D. Coe & Rex Koontz 1962, 1977, 1984, 1994, 2002, 2008, p.207. Xipe Totec traded her immortal life as a spirit in order to buy time for the potential discovery of the wielder of the Blue Tezcatlipoca. They love tranquility. In some cases, some parts of the human skin covering is painted yellowish-gray. Xipe Totec perhaps originated with the Olmec culture and developed from their ancient God VI. The worship of Xipe Totec was common along the Gulf Coast during the Early Postclassic. Submit. xipe totec. Back to Top. Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest, and was known throughout most of Mesoamerica. by Papageno (Public Domain) Xipe Totec ( pron. They had them put on garlands and give them pulque to drink, which was their wine.  At the end of the Tlacaxipehualiztli festival, gladiator sacrifice (known as tlauauaniliztli) was carried out by five Aztec warriors; two jaguar warriors, two eagle warriors and a fifth, left-handed warrior.  The female equivalent of Xipe Totec was the goddess Xilonen-Chicomecoatl. However, there was no chance of survival as the knights were armed with the vicious macuauhuitl, a hardwood sword edged with razor-sharp obsidian, whilst the captive had a sword edged with feathers so, aside from tickling to death his opponents, the contest was a foregone conclusion and merely a more elaborate form of sacrifice than meted out to the other victims of the festival. Weird things about the name Xipe: The name spelled backwards is Epix. A fertility deity, Xipe Totec vividly conveys the concept of death and rebirth by wearing the flayed skin of a sacrificial victim. Related Content As a weapon he was given a macuahuitl (a wooden sword with blades formed from obsidian) with the obsidian blades replaced with feathers. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Person with Xipe-topec having 7 as Personality number love nature & peaceful ambiance. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. The significance of these impersonations and sacrifices was once again one of regeneration related to agriculture. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. , Other forms of sacrifice were sometimes used; at times the victim was cast into a firepit and burned, others had their throats cut.. As a symbol of the new vegetation, Xipe Totec wore the skin of a human victim - the "new skin" that covered the earth in the spring.  Forty days before the festival of Xipe Totec, a slave who was captured at war was dressed to represent the living god who was honored during this period. Smith 1996, 2003, p.252. Fun Facts about the name Totec.  During the festival, victorious warriors wearing flayed skins carried out mock skirmishes throughout Tenochtitlan, they passed through the city begging alms and blessed whoever gave them food or other offerings. Xipe Totec est le dieu du printemps, de la renaissance de la nature. Xipe Totec, more commonly known by her nickname Murder, is the raven avian spirit with whom Ixtlilton, Xochipilli, and Xochiquetzal sealed away the Black Tezcatlipoca. , The annual festival of Xipe Totec was celebrated on the spring equinox before the onset of the rainy season; it was known as Tlacaxipehualiztli ([t͡ɬakaʃipewaˈlist͡ɬi]; lit.  The spilling of the victim's blood to the ground was symbolic of the desired abundant rainfall, with a hopeful result of plentiful crops. They are gracious, truthful & straightforward. The institute said experts found two skull-like volcanic-rock carvings and a stone trunk depicting the god, Xipe Totec (meaning ‘our lord of the flayed’). One of the highlights of the Tlacaxipehualiztli festival was the Tlahuahuanaliztli gladiatorial contests. Xipe Totec is believed to be the son of Ometeotl (meaning ‘Two Gods’), a primordial god who was both male and female… Miller & Taube 1993, 2003, p.188. Cuauhtli, meaning ‘eagle’, is the day in the Aztec calendar associated with the goddess Xipe Totec. Cuauhtli is associated with freedom and equality. Add thesaurus 100. Xipe in American English.  After having the heart cut out, the body was carefully flayed to produce a nearly whole skin which was then worn by the priests for twenty days during the fertility rituals that followed the sacrifice. Xipe Totec. The deity probably became an important Aztec god as a result of the Aztec conquest of the Gulf Coast in the middle of the fifteenth century.  New vegetation was represented by putting on the new skin of a flayed captive because it symbolized the vegetation the earth puts on when the rain comes. He can cast a ghoulish figure wearing the skin of one of his sacrificial victims which is elaborately tied with a string at the back, shows the incision where the victim’s heart was removed and with even the flayed hands hanging from the god’s wrists.  One Xipe Totec sculpture was carved from volcanic rock, and portrays a man standing on a small pedestal. The deity was honored with a dance and ended in a war exercise.  His hands are bent in a position that appears to possibly hold a ceremonial object. Fernández 1992, 1996, pp.60-63. Vote & Rate 5. made famous by aztec festival where hottest guy in town dances his way all around the city, up the highest temple, where he is killed and skinned (or vice verca) by the priest, who then wears the skin until it decomposes. Cite This Work Xi-pe To-tec) or ‘Flayed One’ in Nahuatl, was a major god in ancient Mesoamerican culture and particularly important for the Toltecs and Aztecs. The chest has an incision, made in order to extract the heart of the victim before flaying. He is most often represented rather grotesquely with a bloated face (sometimes striped), sunken eyes and double lips. Visit a page 5. the Aztec god of sowing or planting. Add word 100. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Xipe Totec. Journal Archives. It has been speculated that this god has its origins in either the Olmec or the Yope culture. It is a day for action, not reflection. The festival was preceded by an even stranger practice of an impersonator dressing as Xipe Totec for 40 days before the big day, splendidly decked out in bright red spoonbill feathers and sparkling golden jewellery. They are individualistic, creative, dignified, serene & tolerant.
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