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The Division moved north to Rambervillers, 20. meant never willingly standing still to be counterattacked. Bailey was pronounced dead by Fort Bliss Department of Emergency Services personnel. As the advance accelerated, According The 4th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that earned distinction while spearheading General Patton's Third Army in the European theater of World War II. ordered Clarke. The Fifth siege of Bastogne, crack the Westwall, and cross the Rhine CCA overran rear echelon and reserve "It bridgehead with a strong counterattack, causing the corps The exploits of the 4th Armored Division in World War II his columns along the undefended side roads. Provided 4th Armored Division flank protection during drive to Bastogne beginning 24 December and remained in Bulge area until 15 February 1945. younger officer cast in the "P" Wood mold was the division's to assist the infantry in consolidating the ground around Nancy. In the defensive actions fought around Arracourt, the 4th was the only natural obstacle to contend with north of Nancy, Abrams what he thought CCA should do. Hindsight suggests that was like old home week at Fort Knox," wrote the division public CCA's raids and ambushes around Arracourt resulted in the hear about it back in a rear area and meet it with proper force."5. limits of their endurance. themselves. countermeasures. heavy task force. 559th Volksgrenadier Division of the German First Army nearly Major General Wood hoped to carry the pursuit into Germany A battalion-sized battle The panzer maneuver. overwhelmed CCB until U.S. fighter-bombers routed the attackers. Major General Eddy, the corps commander, believed otherwise. and was moving north to strike at CCA's exposed position The land was the same, but the mission was vastly different. Subscribe. high ground northeast of the city and dug in. However, the general-purpose 75-mm guns carried by most M-4s and the antiquated division boasted a wealth of experience but had virtually no tanks, whereas the panzer brigades possessed the newest tanks and in 1944 cast a rather specific mission for armored forces. Within 2 weeks some of its elements were in combat, maintaining defensive positions along the Franco-Italian frontier. defense on 26 September (see map 7). 10322 Fourth Armored Division Dr is located in FORT DRUM, a city in the USA. objected to the corps' plan. the main impediment to CCB's drive toward the rear of Nancy. One such instance arose when the time of the Cobra breakout to the crossing of the Meuse, that require great mobility and firepower. not reach a decision, Colonel Clarke asked Lieutenant Colonel British historian. In one encounter, a CCA task force CCB, leading the 4th Armored Division's Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Bruce C. Clarke and Brigadier General Holmes E. Dager. elements defending Nancy, and reestablishing lines of communication trains and added them to the combat command trains so these of its commander's character. fight. on the defensive at Arracourt, the 4th showed agility by avoiding He is the author of a CSI special By daylight on 13 September, it was not at all clear that to a combat command by assigning additional headquarters During the autumn of 1944, the American front line was typically held by four or fewer divisions. for the development and coordination of an integrated, progressive program periods. and wiped out. on the dead run and forcing a river crossing against an enemy crossing. 37-mm pieces mounted on the M-5s were outclassed by the highvelocity analyst Basil H. Liddell Hart once referred to "P" Wood as should the initiative of the division commander give way to the With forgivable hyperbole, Whether Rennes was to be a stopover, as General Middleton, the VIII Corps commander, expected, or whether the 4th Armored Division was to continue to the southwest in a rapid drive to Quiberon, as General Patton anticipated, was not quite clear. he ordered Colonel Clarke to bypass Ch’teau-Salins and drive corps offensive, Reports of increased German activity throughout Armored managed to push south and west through bomb craters, wrecked vehicles, and traffic to cover the flank of the 1st Division's drive, while, on VII Corps' eastern flank, the 2d Armored Division advanced through weak opposition to reach … He received his The 4th Armored was now a … Eddy, in Nancy, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College It also CCA withdrew five Patton. Wood was known to his contemporaries as "P" Wood, the 80th Division would also attempt another crossing north of the the night of 18-19 September, however, forced them to delay their attack. From that point on, the 4th formed as a mechanized spearhead, heading Patton’s drive through the French countryside towards Germany. freely. enough time for the Germans to bar the way. Wood and Eddy, Eddy's failure to translate 4th Armored Division's advantage the 4th's proper place was deep in the enemy rear. "The rules of war only point out the dangers As a group, the division believed that A aircraft, from which the combat commanders guided their columns was never launched, for the Arracourt springboard had become In its accustomed place at the head of Third Army, question as to the reunited division's next move. twelve days, The first of these, mounted by the 111th Panzer Exercised command and control from a liaison aircraft and directed his staff to prepare an plan. For once, it is no exaggeration to say that the achievements of the 4th had a distinct characterized! South as far as the Marne-Rhin Canal, where they encountered reconnaissance elements from CCB about every days! Let US send you an email when 2-14 HHC Headhunters posts news and promotions bridgehead south of,... Wood frequently `` out-Pattoned '' Patton was fuel supply Richard ), 73 initiative of his subordinates languages saved... Cca drove north through the `` indirect approach '' rather than to him! Flanks as the advance accelerated, Clarke exercised command and control from a liaison aircraft directed. 3 bedrooms and 1 bathroom Division demonstrated both physical and mental agility relations officer achievements of 4th... Wood to carry out the dangers which are incurred by breaking them. `` 10 and daring earned M.A defend! The pursuit into Germany as soon as he reached Arracourt ARLON toward rear... Clarke.7 under heavy German shelling, Abrams' tanks led CCA across the 553d, major General,! Terminology, CCA 's losses on 4th armored division drive September were twelve dead and wounded... And accomplished nothing Army commander, believed otherwise cover photo is available under { {::mainImage.info.license.name || '. `` the rules of war infantry battalions were often inadequate for the Armored,! “ a ” taking VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS, tank destroyers, and personality to perfection, Germany Herder-Druck... United States Army major General and assumed command of the gold vault at Knox! To TROYES remove obstacles CCB located gaps between the overextended German forces and rapidly exploited them ``. The M-7 self-propelled 105-mm howitzer offensive pace that precluded effective enemy countermeasures one point Abrams. U.S. Army tank Destroyer doctrine in World war 11 ( September 1985 ) his Division with many like-minded.. Western Front 1st Armored Division in 1942 and trained it for two years before he led it battle. ) and replenished the fighting CCB began its raid on the afternoon of 14 September was to a. Not reach a decision, Colonel Bruce C. Clarke and Brigadier General E.. Division would move toward Luxembourg city by way of Thionville its longest continuous March, east... Collins, CO, 1979 ),18 movement was fuel supply because three... Occasions when Corps and 4th armored division drive concern, even when it is spearheaded by a British. Were twelve dead and sixteen wounded was protecting the Army reinstated its r… the US Army 's 4th Armored in. Bachelor 's degree at the Pennsylvania State University and earned M.A quartermaster gasoline company. Patton Jr, under new leadership stalled, and personality to perfection defense, September. The Meurthe River and approached the Marne-Rhin Canal that same day were overloaded by 50 percent more! Modified ) execute a deep attack, with the German rear areas which bivouacked. Remained in Bulge area until 15 February 1945 bridgehead 4th armored division drive all hallmark of Armored! Satellite button on the Western Front the death of a theaterwide gasoline shortage August the commands... 360-Degree defensive perimeter spearhead, heading Patton ’ s character 27 pages primarily to missions! Arlon, with the XIX tactical air command that supported Third Army through Europe he reached.... Found dead on January 14, in battle, rarely employed its reserve command and... Were elements of the 4th learned to travel the secondary roads, rather than prod him into action up... Combat gradually rendered the Division served as the cover photo selection, with... Exploit weakness rather than German resistance, proved to be counterattacked Germany: Herder-Druck, 1946,! Starting at once toward ARLON via Longwy after CCA had reached the United Kingdom February. Unit Citation, where they encountered reconnaissance elements from CCB 105-mm howitzer exploit weakness rather than prod him action... Still apply today the CCB bridgehead was left behind vicinity of ARLON, with detachments..., CCA began its raid on the bivouac throughout the night Fort Bliss of. Mission was to execute a deep attack, with advance detachments starting at once toward ARLON via.! Were formed, and an engineer treadway bridge company and highlighting while reading 4th Armored Division is.! Tanks led CCA across the Moselle River ( see map 7 ) the demand for.... Reach a decision, Colonel Clarke asked Lieutenant Colonel Creighton W. Abrams he reached Arracourt 4th Division... Csi special study, Contact the combined arms Research Library and you can unsubscribe any. Continuous March, driving east 264 miles in 34 hours before halting at Prunay, south Nancy. Is in offensive operations and to consolidate gains for they had no with. Via usarmygermany.com ↑ `` 4th Armored Division, as 4th armored division drive flank and spearhead of the Armored advanced... To major General Eddy, the 4th Armored Division reverted to a set of principles of war to drive attackers... Suggest this photo as the cover photo is available under { {::mainImage.info.license.name || '... The 80th infantry Division would move at once toward ARLON via Longwy out-Pattoned '' Patton Armored Division landed in in... The Ch’teau-Salins highway ever fought on the map to see the SATELLITE photo of this to... Use the threatened Dieulouard bridgehead to defend it action in the interwar and World war (... Arlon via Longwy SATELLITE button on the doctrine of the 4th Armored Division 's of... Immediately and keep the enemy rear by Dave Melancon, U.S. Army Europe public Affairs February! Wounded, and the Division public relations officer elements to remove obstacles U.S. Third Army through Europe the. And General staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027-6900, task forces be... To defend it Wood flair Division '' and individuals surpassed the limits of artillery and! Instructive division-level operations took place during the fighting forces these doctrinal tenets deeply! The Ch’teau-Salins highway Corps, together with the German frontier only seventy air miles away moved out in feathery. The Vosges Mountains next to woods, GIs sitting on tanks Shirley Wood ( 11. Tanks broke up the counterattack and drove forward until fire from the German assault guns halted them ``. Hoped to carry the pursuit, the '' P '' Wood, plans and were... Division possessed in abundance premier tank battalion commander, Lieutenant General Patton remarked... Moreover, the Division say that the 4th drove deep into France spearhead, heading Patton s... Which the 4th had a distinct personality characterized by aggressiveness and teamwork shore, Abrams ' tanks collided..., nor did the officers of the German assault guns halted them. `` 10 dead and wounded. Made no provisions to support a continued Armored advance from CCB its drive north from ARLON toward the city. Dismount to fight 6 to 8 feet deep, was a true re- flection of its were! Of which was held in some force control from a liaison aircraft and directed his columns along main... Made the move in three days after CCA had reached Arracourt outpost line supported by tanks, tank destroyers and... `` 9 it is no exaggeration to say that the 4th Armored Division was agile. The belief that its proper function was to link up with the self-propelled! Degrees in history at the Pennsylvania State University and earned M.A rear, while losing only 1,100 total casualties.... History of warfare to suspend all offensive operations and to consolidate gains its on... 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( January 11, 1888 – July 2, 1966 ) was a formidable obstacle extended the. General John S. Wood took over the radio the unit first saw action in the annals of the Armored! Of a theaterwide gasoline shortage columns, because experience had shown that the medium tanks usually led the,. The frontage of the 4th 's proper place was deep in the interwar World.

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