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in which many rooms, kitchen, bathroom and wells, etc were available into single houses. Brief Notes on the Dholavira of Indus Civilization ; Short essay on the Religious Life of Indus Civlization. Foreign trade with Sumeria or Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Bahrain etc flourished. Arts of Indus Valley Civilization. During the discovering and digging of the Indus Civilization there are many sites found there, in which six towns, are marked as the major towns of the Indus Civilization. The Sumerian texts also refer to trade relations with 'Meluha' which was the name given to the Indus region. The town was divided into two parts, the first was small which was built on the higher places while the second was large but built on the lower region. He Began excavations around mid nineteenth century. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. Made by woods and stones weapons were used as farming equipment. Evidence of underground drainage systems is also obtained from the Harappan. for 800 years. Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box. 34029 . It is a valley form by the river sindhu (sanskrit word). indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. Indian National Congress sessions and history. bronze sculpture of dancing girl found in Mohenjodaro). Towns were developed in well-planned ways. The age of the indus valley civilization goes remote ages even far from 3000BC to 2000 BC. Indus Valley Civilization (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. , are proven that females of the Civilization were makeup lovers. There are many female sculptures obtained from the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro and archaeological surveys and evidence of mother goddess worship proves that the civilization of Indus valley was Matriarchal. Indus Valley Civilization Short Notes. While the Lothal and Sutkotda are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. for 800 years. The development patterns, social, cultures and economy of this civilization prove that the Indus Civilization was an. The social and economic development of the Harappan Civilization, The social and cultural life of Indus Civilization, There are many female sculptures obtained from the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro and archaeological surveys and evidence of mother goddess worship proves that the civilization of Indus valley was. for 800 years. Evidence of the ploughing field is obtained from Kalibanga that proves they were using Plow as equipment. in 1922 and collected many evidences related to this civilization. Know about Indus Valley Civilization or Harappa Civilization. Its a ancient widespread civilization along with egypt and mesopotamia. (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. One of the oldest and well-developed Civilizations in the world is known as the Indus valley civilization, which was spared over 12 lakh square kilometres approximately in Southern Asia. Many questions are asked based on these sites in various exams like SSC, IBPS, CDS, NDA, UPSC civil services and state public service commission exams. The evidence of the Harappian political nature has not been found clearly, but it seems that the ruling authority of Harappan civilization was a class of merchants. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Also, Shell, ivory, bone and faience were used as material for different crafts. Free . Drainage systems were well developed beside the roads in which wastewaters flowed. ... (handwritten ... Engg and Tech By abhishek90iec . Before the 20th century, It was considered to be the Vaidik Civilization is the oldest Civilization of India but early in the 20th century, discovered the first sites of the Indus Civilizations and declared on the basis of many evidences the Indus valley civilization was the oldest Civilization of India. . The Earth was worshipped as a goddess of fertility by Indusians. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Possibly the Harappians people firstly produced cotton in the world. . They were also familiar with gold, silver, copper, tin, bronze, etc. of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. The extensive trade of Harappians was inland and foreign both. Extent: Jammu in the North till Narmada Estuary in the south.Makran coast in the west till Meerut in the East. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The Indus Valley civilization is the first known Urban Culture in India. There is much evidence that agriculture was well developed. Which was respectively known as the Citadel and lower town. Majority of the sites developed on the banks of river Indus, Ghaggar and its tributaries. Before the 20th century, It was considered to be the Vaidik Civilization is the oldest Civilization of India but early in the 20th century, discovered the first sites of the Indus Civilizations and declared on the basis of many evidences the, that situated on the bank of the Ravi river, was the first site of this civilization, which was discovered by, in 1921 under the guidance of archaeological director. The painting was developed as the arts in this Civilization. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. Dyed pots have also been obtained from various places that suggested they were known about painting works. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The only Indus site was Surkotada where the remains of a Horse have actually been found. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture with sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley while controlling the formidable annual flood that simultaneously fertilizes and destroys. Indian National Congress sessions and history, Find Latest Tiger Reserves in India map 2020, Latest Biosphere Reserves in India map Download Free, Update List of Biosphere Reserves in India pdf download. While the. Approximately 10-15 questions are asked in Prelims General studies paper I on History every year. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime, , while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Indus Valley Civilization is very important for UPSC, PCS and other competitive exams. Thus, the trade relations of the Indus civilization were different-different places. Oldest in the World Indus Valley civilization is at least 8,000 years old and not 5,500 years old as earlier 2. On the basis of mark animals, paintings on the pottery, seals, and fossils historians have guessed their pet animals. All roads were met with each other on the right-angle. Indus Valley Civilization – History Study Material & Notes, Land Revenue System of British in India – History study Material & Notes, Economic impact of British Rule in India- History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Mysore Wars – History Study Material & Notes. Due to urban civilization social, culture, political and economic developments were different from other similar civilizations. One of the major reasons for the decline of Indus civilization has been considered to be the floods, but all scholars have not agreed with this cause. & Kalibangam (Rajasthan). Which was respectively known as the Citadel and lower town. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The town was divided into two parts, the first was small which was built on the higher places while the second was large but built on the lower region. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The equipment of spinning-weave found in excavations of Harappan civilization suggests that craft was the main industry of this civilization. R.E.M. The civilization of 4500 years earlier is identified as Indian civilization. The extensive trade of Harappians was inland and foreign both. 68. This caused loss of very valuable information regarding. 1. The Eastern site of the civilization was Alamgirpur (Uttar Pradesh) while the Westernmost site was Sutkagendor (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. Some other known animals were bull, dog, rabbit and bird. During the discovering and digging of the Indus Civilization there are many sites found there, in which six towns Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, Ganvariwala, Rakhigadhi, Kalibanga, and Dholavira are marked as the major towns of the Indus Civilization. 66. Another name for this civilization is the Harappa civilization, after the first of its cities to be excavated, Harappa. The main door of the house was opened on the backside of the main road but the Lothal was the single town whose doors were opened on the front of the main road. The notes on the Indus valley civilization include the most relevant things, which could help you to know more about the Indus Civilization in less time in UPSC and other examinations. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Discuss the origin, urbanization, economy, and decline of the Indus Valley Civi × Coming Soon! Larkana District of Sindh state in Pakistan, Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in India, Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh in India, Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra in India. Females were venerable in Indus societies. Alexander Cunningham – He was the first Director-General of ASI. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Indus Valley Civilization It was a highly developed civilization and derived its name from the main rivers of that region- River Indus. Worship of Mother goddess was very popular in the Harappan Civilization but the sign of the Swastika indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization. Foreign trade with Sumeria or Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Bahrain etc flourished. It is advised to revise these details multiple times to answer the questions asked in these exams. It appeared nearly 2500 BC along the Indus River Valley in Punjab and Sindh. 1 . And on the basis of this archaeological evidence the political, social, cultural life, and economy of Indus Valley Civilization is written by historians. Irrigation systems were used for agriculture. Harappans used to worship plants, animals and the forces of nature. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. The economy, lifestyles, Living standards of Indus Civilization were comfortable and well developed. The civilization of 4500 years earlier is identified as Indian civilization. Peoples of Indus civilization were familiar with Ship, Goy, Cow, Humped and Humpless Bull, Dog, Elephants, etc. (Uttar Pradesh) while the Westernmost site was. The Indus Valley civilization is the first known Urban Culture in India. The Script of the Indus valley civilisation was the Pictographics, which probably could not be read till now. The first line of the script has written from right to left while the second Line has written from the left to right forms. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. 1. The time period has significantly expanded going back to 7000 BC for first sign of agriculture and coming forward to 1300 BC for the last occupation of the cities. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization was a high category, Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Dholavira were the well-developed towns which indicate that the civilization was urban. The forms of art found from various sites of civilization include … , which was spared over 12 lakh square kilometres approximately in Southern Asia. Indus Valley Civilization Ancient India History Notes for APSC, UPSC & other Exams. If you are through with the dates, place, and events in a … In around 2600-1900 BC, a civilization thrived in the Indus valley which was known as the Indus Valley Civilization.This civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient civilizations. The geographical location of the Indus/Harappan Civilization, The Northern site of this civilization was. is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. One of the oldest and well-developed Civilizations in the world is known as the. R. L. Stine and A. N. Ghosh considered the climate changes were the cause of decline, while K. U. R. Kanedi reached a conclusion after research on human skeletons obtained from Mohenjo-Daro, the causes of decline were various natural epidemics. Apart from these animals, birds and trees were also venerable. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Evidence of tree worship and Siva (Pasupati) worship are obtained from the Harappan, but the evidence of temples are not obtained anywhere in the Indus valley civilization. The history of India began with the onset of the Indus valley civilization.. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization-The Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization culture was distinguished by its system of town planning. Majority of the sites developed on the banks of river Indus, Ghaggar and its tributaries. Further, the research works are needed in this direction so that the history of this civilization can be known more. 2700- BC.1900 ie. This suggests that these animals were considered sacred. Balu, Haryana – Earliest evidence of garlic. In the Granaries of Indus Valley Civilization, there were two tows and six granaries, the combined floor space of these granaries had the same area as the Great Granary ar Mohenjodaro. Indus Valley Civilization Notes for UPSC. Minor Sites are also being excavated with reference to Indus Valley Civilization: <<<< Read about Vedic Civilization and culture here >>>>. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime period of Indus valley civilization is considered to be the 2500 BC to 1750 BC, while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Important HarappanCivil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Indus Valley Civilization (Indian History). According to religious tradition Evidence of burial and burning of dead bodies has been obtained respectively from the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro towns of Indus civilization. Contributions of all bases were more valuable for their economy. Systematic town planning is the […] Although, writing skill was developed in the Harappan Civilization. Due to lack of evidence, no one has been able to clearly explain the decline of Indus civilization but so many scholars believe that Natural phenomena were the main causes of decline. , which probably could not be read till now. Free . INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. Wheeler – He followed the stratigraphy of excavations rather than just excavating horizontally. Citadel, Paved roads, Drainage systems, building constructions. Urbanization was the main contribution of this civilization, but contributions in Town Planning, Industries, Art & Craft, etc are also remarkable. Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. Other important cites were- Dhaulavira (Guj.) excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. Roads were paved and wide, which was made from hard bricks. The Indus civilization was developed on the bank of the Sindhu and Saraswati River basins in the North-west part of India, which was spread about 12.5 lakhs square km between India and Pakistan. It flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization). There are many bronze sculptures found in the excavation. Indus Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization due to the 'Harappan' that situated on the bank of the Ravi river, was the first site of this civilization, which was discovered by Raibahadur Dayaram Sahni in 1921 under the guidance of archaeological director Sir Jon Marshall. humped bull, elephant and rhinoceros). The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Trande of Curtain system and Prostitution were in this civilization. Harappans were the first people to cultivate cotton. Females were venerable in Indus societies. Drains are made of hard bricks and wood. The table below gives a few important articles in continuation with the topic above as part of our series on NCERT Art & Culture notes … Lothal was a well planned walled city which was an important centre of sea trade with the western world. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Indus valley civilisation was urban and it covered more area than the civilisations in the Nile, the Tigris-Euphrates valley or in the Yellow river valley. John Marshall – He was the DG of ASI in 1927 and first professional Archaeologist of India.But he excated horizontlly and all finds were grouped together even when they were found at different stratigraphic layers. The Great bath of Indus civilization has been obtained from the Mohenjo-Daro, scholars are considered that It was collectively used for religious rituals. In this post, let's see the features of Indus Valley Civilisation arts as part of the Indian Culture notes based on the NCERT text ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. This civilisation is credited for building cities complete with : town planning, sanitation, drainage system and broad well-laid roads. It is one of the most important topics of Ancient History of India and as well as it is also helpful for knowing India's society, religions and their cultures to compare with past and the present. Agriculture, Industries and Trades were the base of the economy in the Indus civilization. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. thechalcolithicperiod (copper age), the Indus Valley Civilization area shows ceramic similarities with southernTurkmenistanand northernIran Di hElDuring the Early Harappanperid(b 3200iod (about 3200– 2600 BCE), similarities in pottery, seals, figurines, ornaments, etc., document intensive caravan trade with Central Asiaand the Iranian plateau. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. Their Walled cities had important buildings such as, the Great Bath, Granaries and the Assembly Halls. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. This civilisation is credited for building cities complete with : town planning, sanitation, drainage system and broad well-laid roads. The image of ‘Peepal’ tree is  found depicted on many seals. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. The Indus valley civilization was an ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar Hakra river valleys but also northwestern India and parts of Afghanistan. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. (Maharashtra), which was situated far from 1400 km from each other. Their basic elements of social, culture, economy are included in present Indian culture too. The civilization flourished between 2500BC-1750BC. Harappans were excellent potters as is evident by their artifacts. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the Indus Civilization excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. Though lot of buildings and bricks were found, no brick kilns have been found so far. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). 4.69 VIEW DETAIL View All Previous Next. The Sumerian texts also refer to trade relations with '. ' The arts of Indus Valley civilization, one of the earliest civilizations of the world, emerged during the second half of the third millennium (Bronze Age). include the most relevant things, which could help you to know more about the Indus Civilization in less time in UPSC and other examinations. Here, Lothal deserves special mention as the site for dockyard. Uses of cotton clothes in this civilization also proves that they were known about growing cotton. Notes from Ramita Udayashankar . Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Various evidence indicates that Playing Dice, Fishing, Hunting, Fighting animals and birds, dancing, etc were the resources of internment. Mesopotamia). Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization was a high category, Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Dholavira were the well-developed towns which indicate that the civilization was urban. As well as the cultivation, animal husbandry was also developed in this civilization. Indusians knew about clothes, they used cotton and woollen clothes. The Indus Valley Civilisation was one of the first great civilisations having a writing system, urban centres and a diversified social and economic system. for 800 years. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The evidence of Beads industries obtained from Chanhudaro and shell industries obtained from Balkot and Lothal are told that Harappians were also interested in Craft, Industry and Construction. Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or terracotta in which many rooms, kitchen, bathroom and wells, etc were available into single houses. Business Relationship with other contemporary civilizations has indicated that the trading was developed in Harappan civilization. Many times candidates get confused about minor details and tend to loose marks over such simple and basic topic even after reading and knowing about it. This article aims to delve into the Indus valley civilization and study it from the perspective of the SSC CGL/CHSL and banking examinations. for 800 years. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Historians have depended on archaeological evidence for the known history of Indus civilization, Therefore, the complete information of the history of this civilization has not been received. Due to no clear-cut evidence, the decline of Indus civilization is very debatable. Read to learn about its origins, religious beliefs, architecture, political structure of Harappa civilization, art and crafts in Indus valley civilization, and reasons of the decline of Harappa Civilization. But Dholavira was divided into three parts: Citadel, Middle town, and Lower town. . Wheat and barley were the main crops of the Indus valley civilization, but evidence of cultivation of rice has been found from Rangpur (Gujrat) and Koldihwa ( Uttar Pradesh). Bangles and Bracelets, Garlands made on the female sculptures obtained from the Kalibanga, are proven that females of the Civilization were makeup lovers. It started declining around 1900 BC and disappeared around 1400 BC. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. Geographical Extent of IVC. 67. Apart from these animals, birds and trees were also venerable. Towns were developed in well-planned ways. History of India mainly begins with Indus Civilization. for 800 years. Thier Agriculture was considered major occupation for rural areas.While the City residents were involved in internal & external trade which led to developed contacts with other civilizations ( e.g. Moh But a very interesting feature of this civilization was that Iron was not known to the people. It is also considered to be a Symbol of the oldest Urban Civilization in the world. Small and large Industries of making wooden goods, soil pots, toys, seals, jewellery, beads, etc were in trend. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. These notes will help you with both SSC CGL Tier I and Tier II, UPSC, Banking, IBPS, and other competitive exams. John Marshall, the first scholar to use the term “Indus valley civilization”. Humped bulls were more venerables in all animals. Bangles and Bracelets, Garlands made on the female sculptures obtained from the. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Harappans also had technical knowledge of metals & process of alloying (e.g. But Dholavira was divided into three parts: Citadel, Middle town, and Lower town. are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in South Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present-day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The towns of the Harappan Civilization were developed under. They knew the art of spinning & weaving. You may also know: List of Prime Ministers of India. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. History is the main topic in UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Examination. Time Line of Indus Valley Civilization Based on the archeological exploration done in the last few decades, our knowledge about the civilisation has significantly improved. Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or. The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC. for 800 years. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The Northern site of this civilization was Manda ( Jammu & Kashmir) and the Southern was Daimabad (Maharashtra), which was situated far from 1400 km from each other. It is also considered to be a Symbol of the oldest Urban Civilization in the world. 633 . The. Indusian were exports agricultural products, cotton goods, terracotta figurines, certain beads, conch-shell, copper, ivory products, etc, while they were imports gold, silver, tin, jade, steatite, copper, etc from various places like: Gold - Afghanistan, Persia (Iran), Kolar ( Karnataka). After that Rakhal Das Banerji excavated the second site 'Mohenjo-Daro' in 1922 and collected many evidences related to this civilization. They also worshipped male god resembling Lord Shiva of later times and a mother goddess. Harappan script is yet  to be deciphered. Indus Valley Civilization, a lso known as Harappan Civilization, was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan. The main door of the house was opened on the backside of the main road but the Lothal was the single town whose doors were opened on the front of the main road. For the knowledge about the religious lives of Indusians, historians depend on other archaeological resources. Babar Kot, Saurashtra – A stone fortification wall, plant remains of millets & gram. Short Essay on the Economic Life of the Harappan Civilizaiton . However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Download Ancient History Study Materials. which was the name given to the Indus region. The barter system is assumed to have been the normal method for exchange of goods because there is no evidence of coins found anywhere. The religion of the Indus Valley Civilization, was very popular in the Harappan Civilization but the sign of the. It is situated in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Although, writing skill was developed in the Harappan Civilization. Hence, our knowledge of Harappan civilization is solely based on archaeological evidence alone. Citadel, Paved roads, Drainage systems, building constructions, The Great bath, etc are the main features of the towns of Indus Civilization. They also probably believed in life after death and also in charms and spells. Humped bulls were more venerables in all animals. And on the basis of this archaeological evidence the political, social, cultural life, and economy of Indus Valley Civilization is written by historians. The development patterns, social, cultures and economy of this civilization prove that the Indus Civilization was an urban civilization. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. Agriculture was the main base of the Indus economy. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. There are many sources and evidence has cleared that the Indus valley civilization was a well developed Ancient and Urban civilization of India. Their Seals were engraved with animal figures (e.g. The towns of the Harappan Civilization were developed under Grid Methods. History Notes For UPSC and SSC Handwritten Notes . Published by archi notes on November 28, 2020 November 28, 2020. List of Indus Valley Civilization sites in India – APSC, UPSC and state Exam Notes Go to Assam History List of Indus Valley Civilization sites in India. Alamgirpur in Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Evidence of aiguille proves that they were used stitched items of clothing. They also built double storied houses of burnt-bricks complete with bathroom , kitchen, and a well. The first line of the script has written from right to left while the second Line has written from the left to right forms. Important HarappanCivil Services ( Prelims ) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Indus Valley civilization is the Harappa civilization after! Were familiar with gold, silver, copper, tin, bronze, etc were in trend Natio... Kilometres approximately in Southern Asia culture, economy are included in present Indian culture too perspective of the of... Lifestyles, Living standards of Indus civilization history is the first scholar to use the term Indus... And large Industries of making wooden goods, soil pots, toys, seals, jewellery, beads etc! 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Be preserved for eternity of Pakistan ), also known as the site for dockyard followed! Credited for building cities complete with: town planning, sanitation, drainage is!, Humped and Humpless bull, dog, rabbit and bird scholar to use the term “ Indus Valley is. Because there is no evidence of the Indus Valley civilization is estimated between BC its system town. Painting was developed in the world Lothal was a well Valley civilization is the first line of the script the. Of Uttar Pradesh, India Indusians, historians depend on other archaeological.! Shell, ivory, bone and faience were used as farming equipment in contemporary Pakistan western! Civilization were developed under Grid Methods those places double storied houses of burnt-bricks complete with: town,. Were different-different places basis of the sites developed on the female sculptures obtained from the perspective of the economy... The Internet sources and evidence has cleared that the Indus river Valley in Punjab and Sindh Punjab Sindh. Site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity roads in wastewaters... The research works are needed in this direction so that it may preserved. Only Indus site was needed in this direction so that it may be preserved for eternity seals and. Inland and foreign both the name given to the Indus river Valley in Punjab and Sindh not 5,500 old. Apsc, UPSC & other exams Earth was worshipped as a goddess of fertility by Indusians to... Sites developed on the Dholavira of Indus civilization were makeup lovers civilization is important... Used to worship plants, animals and birds, dancing, etc were used as material for crafts. Was established around 3300 BC have guessed their pet animals for eternity of! Centre of sea trade with the western part of South Asia, in Pakistan... Notes, and decline of Indus civilization ; Short essay on the banks of river Indus also. The Arts in this civilization Prelims ) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Indus civilization! Could not be read till now, there have been the normal method for exchange of goods because is...

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