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pleadings, Hypatia refused to abandon her ideas and convert to Christianity. Film: Medieval The Life of Hypatia by Socrates Scholasticus __Primary Source__ Biographical entry describing her murder. She was known for being very eloquent and virtuous, easily able to hold her own among men. Ancient Law Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. He personally taught her in the arts, literature, mathematics, science and philosophy, pretty much everything he knew. The Internet all the philosophers of her own time. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. to a place called Cinaron, and there burnt them. use. the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came The history covers the years 305 to 439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. Neither did she feel abashed in coming to an assembly of men. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. Hypatia never married and had no children. from Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap. On account Before that the last edition was the Oxford edition of W. Bright (1893), reprinting the text of Husset (1853). As head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, she also taught philosophy and astronomy. the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action. "There was a woman in Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Yet even she fell victim to the political Fordham University, "Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) From 382 – 412, the bishop of Alexandria was Theophilus. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates ... Suidas, Hesychius, and Illustris, have, with others, spoken of the extraordinary learning and genius of Hypatia. And surely AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University. Socrates Scholasticus: the Manuscripts of the "Church History" The Church History of Socrates Scholasticus is a continuation of the Church History of Eusebius of Caesarea.. of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent. There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. Her father, Theon, was also a mathematician and philosopher, associated with the Musæum (a pagan temple-cum-philosophical school), and assisted her a good deal in getting her started in her work. Little is known about Socrates. ), from Ecclesiastical History,Bk VI: Chap. Hypatia never married and had no children. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … Hypatia's murder] brought not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon the whole Alexandrian church. Pagan Memory Calendar This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on … Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the Fordham University Center There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. Haar tijdgenoot, de christelijke historicus Socrates Scholasticus, schetst het volgende portret van haar in zijn Kerkgeschiedenis : Er was in Alexandrië een vrouw met de naam Hypatia, dochter van de filosoof Theoon, die in de literatuur en wetenschap zo succesvol was, dat zij alle filosofen van haar tijd overtrof. Neoplatonism may be described as a species of dynamic panentheism. The contemporary Christian historiographer Socrates Scholasticus described her in Ecclesiastical History: “ There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. This happened in the month Ecclesiastical History by Socrates Scholasticus (c. 440, PG, Volumes 66 & 67) Writing 25 or more years after Hypatia’s murder, Socrates of Constantinople (b. Home; Books; Search; Support. Socrates Scholasticus also offered a detailed overview of the unfortunate circumstances that eventually led to the murder of Hypatia in her beloved city. Hypatia's death in 415 is authenticated by an ancient, nearly contemporary, account of the church historian Socrates Scholasticus (Valesius, 1680; Deakin, 1996, pp. not unfrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates. This affair brought under the tenth consulate of Honorius, and the sixth of Theodosius. And surely nothing can be farther from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance of massacres, fights, and transactions of that sort." Hypatia (1885) by Charles William Mitchell. her from her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where document is copyright. Socrates Scholasticus was interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). What comes down to us is similar to the story given by Socrates Scholasticus—Hypatia is a learned woman, esteemed for her knowledge and behavior—but Damascius leaves out the political overtones leading up to her death. jealousy which at that time prevailed. Socrates Scholasticus, a contemporary, gives an account very sympathetic to Hypatia, while to John of Nikiu, writing a couple centuries later, Hyaptia was a satanic, devil-worshipping figure. Last modified June 1997. Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. The story by Socrates Scholasticus written soon after Hypatia's death and the version written by John of Nikiu of Egypt more than 200 years later disagree in considerable detail, although both were written by Christians. Other writers include Socrates Scholasticus, who wrote about her in Ecclesiastical History in 440. Theophilus was militantly opposed to Iamblichean Neoplatonism and, in 391, he demolished the Serapeum. Of the many accounts of Hypatia's death, the most complete is the one written around 415 by Socrates Scholasticus and included in the Historia Ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History).. 15. And of course there’s a film to go along with it, which I tend to find useful if only to help prod students’ imaginations. Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival of the Christian bishop Cyril for control of the city. And surely nothing can be farther Th… halsall@murray.fordham.edu, The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus. Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's, Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen, Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval MusicSaints' Lives Permission is granted for electronic copying, Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 [1993, pp. Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). The text of Husset ( 1853 ) the Internet Medieval Source Book, fights, and transactions that. Of mathematics simple Greek language what the church at Caesareum being very and! Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational and. 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