This also you may find in the same author's Epistle to Anebo the Egyptian. For through excellence in this art the home is well ordered, and the private life is happy, and cities are kept in concord, and nations are well governed. And he says also that Zoticus, who was mentioned by the former writer, when Maximilla was pretending to prophesy in Pepuza, resisted her and endeavored to refute the spirit that was working in her; but was prevented by those who agreed with her. 18. We observe the exact day; neither adding, nor taking away. 'For the cities offer sacrifice and keep festivals not only to wooden heads of Dionysus, but also to heads of stone, and bronze, and gold; not only to wooden heads but also to actual heads of Dionysus, and to very many of the other gods of Hesiod. For when I was a boy, I saw you in lower Asia with Polycarp, moving in splendor in the royal court, and endeavoring to gain his approbation. 'But the word "strait" was ambiguous, and chosen in order that, if he were victorious, thou mightest seem to be the cause of his victory; but, if defeated, not at all to blame for his defeat, being able to take refuge in "the broad-bosomed." For example, that "the smell of a strong-shelled tortoise boiling should strike on thy senses," is a piece of knowledge worth but sand, not being even true in itself, but nevertheless becoming to the braggart and the shameless, who looks supercilious over his empty bits of knowledge and tries to persuade Croesus the Lydian captive not to despise him. That to the hateful cell of slavery. Being asked by the governor, Who was the God of the Christians, he replied, 'If you are worthy, you shall know.' 'This, however, thou art perhaps not able to understand, for the characters of mankind are very obscure: but whither I had better travel from Colophon is no longer a matter so unintelligible to the god: "When a man large stones projecteth from a widely-whirling sling, As none of the wild beasts at that time touched her, she was taken down from the stake, and cast again into prison. 14. 7. Such being his character, he could not endure the unreasonable judgment against us, but was filled with indignation, and asked to be permitted to testify in behalf of his brethren, that there is among us nothing ungodly or impious. So far then let these quotations suffice from this work of Porphyry. 13. Also those of Candidus on the Hexæmeron, and of Apion on the same subject; likewise of Sextus on the Resurrection, and another treatise of Arabianus, and writings of a multitude of others, in regard to whom, because we have no data, it is impossible to state in our work when they lived, or to give any account of their history. This leading on to freedom's glorious home, The enemy of God's Church, who is emphatically a hater of good and a lover of evil, and leaves untried no manner of craft against men, was again active in causing strange heresies to spring up against the Church. They defended all, but accused none. But although dissatisfied I nevertheless began to inquire whether the merchant also had been at all flattered by the "Heracles." 'Tis late; yet give the old plough a new tip. Where all flowers for ever blooming, Does a prophet play with tables and dice? Yet knowing this thou none the less givest this answer, and then lookest on at his mistake. He fell from the presbyterate of the Church, and Blastus was involved in a similar fall. 'And when they cried "You mean Ostanes," he added: "Call with loud voice seven times each several god." 3. Brass on thy shoulders, iron in thine hand. But if the transaction was not honourable and not beneficial, and therefore its occurrence not according to their mind, how then could they be good, if they practised what is neither honourable nor expedient? Again, those of Hermophilus do not agree with these, and those of Apollonides are not consistent with themselves. 16. These things are taken from the second book. '"HAPPY the man who now to my sacred dwelling approacheth, But mark the cunning trick: for since it was not certain that they would escape, even if they dug the trench, thou didst stop them from this; but in not bidding them to continue the work, thou dost promise their escape. Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, Volume I: Books 1-5 LCL 153: Find in a Library; View cloth edition; Print; Email ; Eusebius of Caesarea, ca. But if they are confident, let them endure the test. 205 'Nevertheless being a prophet didst thou not know that we have received it many a time and from many persons, who had neither eaten greedily of the laurel, nor drunk the water of Castalia, nor ever been supercilious about wisdom? the gods have no love at all for mankind, what care they about men being recalled from banishment, in comparison with their care for statues? Moreover though He is one, and as might be supposed alone, He drives away the multitude of the gods throughout the whole world, and bringing their honours to naught, so prevails that they are gods no longer, nor exercise any power, nor anywhere show themselves, nor reside as they were wont in the cities, because they were no gods but evil daemons; while only His honours, and those of the God of the universe who sent Him down, increase every day, and advance to greater dignity over all humanity. Their falsehood he censures in the following manner: 19. And goat-like legs his lust betray,", "Do all anon: a statue too therein; And Polycarp in Smyrna, who was a bishop and martyr; and Thraseas, bishop and martyr from Eumenia, who fell asleep in Smyrna. And having been tossed about by the animal, but feeling none of the things which were happening to her, on account of her hope and firm hold upon what had been entrusted to her, and her communion with Christ, she also was sacrificed. We mean Anicetus, and Pius, and Hyginus, and Telesphorus, and Xystus. And they besought him to consider the things of peace, and of neighborly unity and love. 1. In noble Lacedaemon dwell enshrined, Of Zeus descends in brightest truth array'd. And as he remembered their words, and what he heard from them concerning the Lord, and concerning his miracles and his teaching, having received them from eyewitnesses of the 'Word of life,' 1 John 1:1 Polycarp related all things in harmony with the Scriptures. And they parted from each other in peace, both those who observed, and those who did not, maintaining the peace of the whole church. 'If these things are spoken symbolically, as being symbols of his powers, let them tell us the interpretation of the symbols. 'For he would say that he was more worthy of the very gifts of the gods than Cleomedes, as being ready to fight not with him alone, even if he were to use thongs of iron, but also with the Thasian boxer, both at once, him I mean on account of whose statue the gods were aggrieved, and made the land of the Thasians barren. 325.; Migne, J.P., ed. Ferrar (1920) -- Book 5. Apollo charged with commanding twice seven boys and maidens to be sent out by the Athenians to the Cretans to be sacrificed, XX. A certain one of these, in the beginning of his work against them, first intimates that he had contended with them in oral controversies. For we desire, if it be not wrong, some of us worthy fame, others sacred crowns, others equality with the gods, and others immortality itself. Cruse (1842) Church History of Eusebius (Historia Ecclesiastica), by Philip Schaff et al. So also, as general report says, that remarkable person, the first steward, as it were, of their so-called prophecy, one Theodotus — who, as if at sometime taken up and received into heaven, fell into trances, and entrusted himself to the deceitful spirit — was pitched like a quoit, and died miserably. But as we did not see them, O friend, we do not pretend to know. For these reasons again the author before mentioned scoffs at the soothsaying god as follows: '"IMMORTAL and renowned in song thy son, Bow to the mystic spells that bind the gods, It seems to me that he alludes to the same person also in the first book of his Stromata, when, referring to the more conspicuous of the successors of the apostles whom he had met, he says: 3. After him the succession in the episcopate was: first Cassianus; after him Publius; then Maximus; following them Julian; then Gaius; after him Symmachus and another Gaius, and again another Julian; after these Capito and Valens and Dolichianus; and after all of them Narcissus, the thirtieth in regular succession from the apostles. ", 'So he starts on the enterprise by way of the Isthmus, and is killed in battle. But this is sufficient to prove that they suffer compulsion; and that they also request to be set free, as if it were not in their own power to withdraw, you may learn from what follows. 52. 21. And when this abated, the islanders said that one of the higher powers had been extinguished; for as a lamp, they said, while lighted does no harm, but being extinguished is hurtful to many, so great souls are benignant and harmless in their shining, but their extinction and dissolution oftentimes, as now, cause winds and storms, and often infect the air with pestilent diseases. EUSEBIUSCHURCHHISTORY: BOOK VI , Index. In the same year, after Julian had completed his tenth year, Demetrius received the charge of the parishes at Alexandria. And he conferred by letter about this mooted question, not only with Victor, but also with most of the other rulers of the churches. Well then what would these things contribute towards the divinely favoured and blessed life? But our narrative of the government of God will record in ineffaceable letters the most peaceful wars waged in behalf of the peace of the soul, and will tell of men doing brave deeds for truth rather than country, and for piety rather than dearest friends. E.H. Gifford (1903) -- Book 5. He wrote also the books De Principiis before leaving Alexandria; and the discourses entitled Stromata, ten in number, he composed in the same city during the reign of Alexander, as the notes by his own hand preceding the volumes indicate. They had been brought every day to witness the sufferings of the others, and had been pressed to swear by the idols. And this argument is still further confirmed by Plutarch, in the passage where he says that the mythical narratives told as concerning gods are certain tales about daemons, and the deeds of Giants and Titans celebrated in song among the Greeks are also stories about daemons, intended to suggest a new phase of thought. Ecclesiastical History, Books 1–5 (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 19): Books 1-5. For they looked on her in her conflict, and beheld with their outward eyes, in the form of their sister, him who was crucified for them, that he might persuade those who believe in him, that every one who suffers for the glory of Christ has fellowship always with the living God. 19. They do not endeavor to learn what the Divine Scriptures declare, but strive laboriously after any form of syllogism which may be devised to sustain their impiety. "Grandson of Presbon, son of Clymenus, p. 416 C ibid. 'For as Pythagoras had made these statements, I learned, by close observation of the oracles, how true his words are. He speaks as follows: For the old man Apelles, when conversing with us, was refuted in many things which he spoke falsely; whence also he said that it was not at all necessary to examine one's doctrine, but that each one should continue to hold what he believed. Show to the aged reverence sincere, Thou know'st the secret spell, which mortal man Of sacred crowns. 4. Or was it not that alone, but also because, being punished by a fine of four talents for this act, he did not submit, but in wrath and indignation turned his anger against the boys in the school, by pulling away the column which upheld the roof. Do not suppose that this is our own statement: for we do not admit that we either understand or wish to know any of these things. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only $19.99... 1. But now, after what has been stated, pass again to The Philosophy to be derived from Oracles of the author who has made the compilation against us, and read from the responses of the Pythian god concerning Fate, and see whether it will not occur to you also that the account of the celebrated oracles is still more inconsistent with any divine power. So then let the responses to the Athenians be read: Which Vespasian, though he had conquered the Jews, did not regard; which Trajan partially annulled, forbidding Christians to be sought after; which neither Adrian, though inquisitive in all matters, nor he who was called Pius sanctioned. Drawn from my heart in mystic chant, Exposing him, through him we expose also the pretense of the prophet. For he was and is a true disciple of Christ, 'following the Lamb wherever he goes.' The manner of the daemoniacal operation, III. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. 5. In this work he mentions a writer, Miltiades, stating that he also wrote a certain book against the above-mentioned heresy. But the blessed Blandina, last of all, having, as a noble mother, encouraged her children and sent them before her victorious to the King, endured herself all their conflicts and hastened after them, glad and rejoicing in her departure as if called to a marriage supper, rather than cast to wild beasts. Translated by Arthur Cushman McGiffert. But consider whether what he adds next seems to you to be the mark of a divine, or of a vicious and utterly wicked nature. 'For he used to be applauded in the crowds, I know: also he was agreeable to tyrants, this too I know: and he practised an art which won admiration not only for the lover of it himself, but also for the city of Athens, because it alone gave birth to tragic poets. Of Phoebus, let my tongue speak reverent words. For it is today more than thirteen years since the woman died, and there has been neither a partial nor general war in the world; but rather, through the mercy of God, continued peace even to the Christians. I should have thought it of equal importance, whether a Homer or one of the beetles came to consult the god on these points, and that the god could no more have given any guidance on such unknown matters to Homer than to a beetle. For while we all trembled, and her earthly mistress, who was herself also one of the witnesses, feared that on account of the weakness of her body, she would be unable to make bold confession, Blandina was filled with such power as to be delivered and raised above those who were torturing her by turns from morning till evening in every manner, so that they acknowledged that they were conquered, and could do nothing more to her. But even thus they did not hear a word from Sanctus except the confession which he had uttered from the beginning. "Two ways there are diverging far apart, Perhaps in such a manner, perhaps not, Montanus and Theodotus and the above-mentioned woman died. The same author writes that he engaged in conversation with Apelles. Why should we transcribe the catalogue of the witnesses given in the letter already mentioned, of whom some were beheaded, others cast to the wild beasts, and others fell asleep in prison, or give the number of confessors still surviving at that time? He was the fifteenth in succession from the siege of the Jews under Adrian. But none were ever cast out on account of this form; but the presbyters before you who did not observe it, sent the eucharist to those of other parishes who observed it. Does the prophet the robberies of the martyr, or the martyr the covetousness of the prophet? Having given in his work many other arguments in refutation of their blasphemous falsehood, he adds the following words: 3. 313, tenth book ca. Eusebius of Caesarea (/ j uː ˈ s iː b i ə s /; Greek: Εὐσέβιος τῆς Καισαρείας, Eusébios tés Kaisareías; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili (from the Greek: Εὐσέβιος τοῦ Παμϕίλου), was a historian of Christianity, exegete, and Christian polemicist.He became the … Such things happened to the churches of Christ under the above-mentioned emperor, from which we may reasonably conjecture the occurrences in the other provinces. 'IT seems then that thou dost verily know all things that are worth no more than sand, but knowest nothing that is excellent. 6. 22. 8. I will remind many of the brethren of a fact which took place in our time, which, had it happened in Sodom, might, I think, have proved a warning to them. And first, indeed, those called Marcionites, from the heresy of Marcion, say that they have a multitude of martyrs for Christ; yet they do not confess Christ himself in truth. But the demon who hates what is good, being malignant in his nature, could not endure this, but prepared himself again for conflict, contriving many devices against us. 'Perhaps, however, thou wilt add something more, if Lycurgus entreat thee to speak plainly. So then in discouraging them the chances were evenly balanced; but in giving them encouragement the promise of escape preponderated: in this case then it was safe for the sophist to deter them. It was not difficult therefore to see that they would neither have accepted both misfortunes rather than one, nor the greater instead of the less, and it was less that one, even their king, should fall instead of all. Among the Greeks Homer is seen to make use of both the names indifferently, and occasionally to call the gods daemons. 22. Great Juno sends the soft rain's welcome sound; 'Now too it is not difficult to see the stage-play, and the wheeling in of the gods, the one beseeching and the other refusing to yield, so useful for the coming event, and the unexpected turn of the war, the one if they should be saved, the other if they should be destroyed. And no wonder perhaps. But it is important to observe the time at which he says that the death of the daemon took place. But the martyr, highly beloved of God, being earnestly entreated and requested by the judge to give an account of himself before the Senate, made in the presence of all an eloquent defense of the faith for which he was witnessing. 'Vast was the Persian host in arms against the Athenians, nor was there any other hope of safety for them, except the god only. 'What then did the wonderful oracle-monger do? For even I myself, who am no prophet, should have discerned this, and bidden not only the Lydian king, but also the Athenians to turn their backs and flee. p. 417 B, 6. is beplastered with poetical bombast, in order that, by this artifice, the prediction might escape detection, and it might not be clearly seen at the moment, that a naval battle does not take place in winter. Neither, therefore, did Pythagoras the Rhodian speak rightly, nor would the author of this testimony of theirs, nor any man whatsoever call them with good reason gods, nay, nor yet good daemons, dragged about as they are by mortal men and mere impostors, not according to their own judgement, but dragged by force and compulsion, and without having in themselves the power of release from their bonds. The kind of methods by which their wonderful gods are subjected to the impostors, XI. And many of these can be obtained, because their disciples have assiduously written the corrections, as they call them, that is the corruptions, of each of them. And do all this with care. ), one might ask, what business had it in the sea? Hereby they the more drove the superstitious headlong into supposing sometimes that they were heavenly powers and certain real gods, and at other times that they were the souls of the deified heroes. You see, for instance, how they say that their magic figures and images of that kind hold them fast in certain spots of ground: though they ought, if, as they say, there is any real divinity in them, to set foot in no other place, except only in the thought of the soul, and that thought too purified from all filth and from every stain, and adorned with modesty and righteousness and all the other virtues.
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