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The chronicler Orderic Vitalis wrote: "This Englishman was very tall and handsome, remarkable for his physical strength, his courage and eloquence, his ready jests and acts of valour. Vid Edvard Bekännarens död 6 januari 1066 hävdade Harald att Edvard på sin dödsbädd lovat honom kronan och fick Witenagemot (rådet av rikets betydande män) att godkänna honom för kröning, något som ägde rum följande dag. Her estimated birth date range is based on the birth dates of her supposed children and the estimated date of her husband's second marriage. to have fled for refuge to her brothers Edwin, Earl of Mercia and Morcar of Northumbria but both men made their peace with the Conqueror initially before rebelling and losing their lands and lives. and iii. He died on 4 January 1066 and was buried in the Abbey he had constructed at Westminster. He had several siblings. However, the betrothal never led to marriage. For some twenty years Harold was married mōre Danicō (in the Danish manner) to Ealdgyth Swan-neck (also known as Edith Swanneschals or Edith Swanneck) and had at least six children by her. King Harold II ca.1021-1066 Extensive and useful site, graphics-heavy, can be a little slow loading. After the dissolution of the abbey in 1540 a house was built in the abbey grounds by Lord Edward Denny. Then they joined their father, and were with him at the assembly which decreed the restoration of the whole family. When Tostig asked what his brother Harold would be willing to give Harald Hardrada for his trouble, the rider replied that he would be given seven feet of ground as he was taller than other men. He accordingly sailed up the Humber, defeated Eadwine and Morkere (September 20th), and received the submission of York (September 24th). Harold's daughter Gytha of Wessex married Vladimir Monomakh Grand Duke (Velikii Kniaz) of Kievan Rus' and is ancestor to dynasties of Galicia, Smolensk and Yaroslavl, whose scions include Modest Mussorgsky and Peter Kropotkin. [1] Harold reigned from January 5 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October of that same year, fighting the Norman invaders, led by William the Conqueror. Harold then went to London, ready to meet whichever enemy came first. Swanneck" (or Swan-Neck) comes from the folk etymology which made her in Old English as swann hnecca, "swan neck", which was actually most likely a corrupted form of swann hnesce, "Gentle Swan". Betrothed ([1064]) to ADELISA de Normandie, daughter of GUILLAUME II Duke of Normandy & his wife Mathilde de Flandre ([1055]-7 Dec, 1066 or after). Han ble emnet for et skuespill, Harold, av Alfred Tennyson, og romanen Last of the Saxon Kings av Edward Bulwer-Lytton. Parents Godwin, Earl of Wessex Gytha Thorkelsdættir Harold Godwinson, or Harold II of England (c. 1022 October 14, 1066) was the last Anglo-Saxon King of England. Den drepte kongen ble også heltedyrket i hjemlandet. 1065 stödde Harald northumbriska rebeller mot brodern Tostig som ersatte honom med Morcar. [citation needed]. Det kom til slag ved Hastings den 14. oktober. This is contradicted by William of Malmesbury[2045], who says that her death before that of Edward "the Confessor" was taken by King Harold II as marking absolution from his oath to Duke Guillaume. Da Edvard bekjenneren døde den 5. januar 1066, hevdet Harald at han var blitt lovet tronen på dødsleiet til den engelske kongen. Harold’s mother, Gytha, belonged to a powerful Danish noble family with close connections to Canute, the Danish king of England. It is, however, unknown whether this conversation ever took place. Haralds illegitima dotter Gytha av Wessex gifte sig med en storhertig av Kievriket, därför erkände nyligen den rysk-ortodoxa kyrkan Harald som martyr med 14 oktober som festdag. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 89. 0980–1075. Husband of Ealdgyth It was the first coronation in Westminster Abbey. Harold was appointed to succeed his father as Earl of Wessex in 1053, his own earldom of the East Angles passing to Ælfgar son of Leofric Earl of Mercia. Harold's father was Godwin, the powerful Earl of Wessex believed to be a son of Wulfnoth Cild. As a result of his sister's marriage to the king, Godwin's second son, Harold, became Earl of East Anglia in 1045. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that "the sons of King Harold" (unnamed, and without specifying how many sons there were) came from Ireland and landed in "the mouth of the Taw", where they were defeated by "Earl Brian", before returning to Ireland[2062]. When Godwin died in 1053, his son Harold took over. Harold's daughter Gytha of Wessex married Vladimir Monomakh Grand Duke (Velikii Kniaz) of Kievan Rus' and is ancestor to dynasties of Galicia, Smolensk and Yaroslavl, whose scions include Modest Mussorgsky and Peter Kropotkin. Dette var et politisk ekteskap. The marriage was widely accepted by the laity, although Edith was considered Harold's mistress by the clergy. Harald II av England eller Harald Godwinson, född ca 1022, död 14 oktober 1066, var Englands siste saxiske kung från 5 januari till 14 oktober 1066, då han dödades i slaget vid Hastings. While the contemporary English writers take care, directly or indirectly, to deny all those Norman charges against Harold which were sheer invention, they say not a word as to his alleged oath to William. He then helped William in a war with the Bretons, and promised to marry one of his daughters. Men Harald Godwinson kunne ikke mobilisere fullt ut mot Harald, han måtte holde et våkent øye med hertugen av Normandie, som gjorde åpenlyse forberedelser til en landgang. Their growth in power concerned a lot of other lords and nobles who sought to take the throne for themselves. Father: Harold Godwinson Mother: (mistress) Eadgyth Swanneshals. Such an oath might, in the ideas of the times, be made to mean a great deal or very little, according to circumstances. Noe senere giftet Harald seg med enken hans, Edith, som var datter av jarlen av Mercia. This strengthened his acceptability as Edward's successor, but fatally divided his own family, driving Tostig into alliance with King Harald Hardrada ("Hard Reign") of Norway. All the statements are brought together and examined in Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, vols, ii. King Edward granted him part of the earldom of his brother Svein, after the latter was outlawed following his seduction of the Abbess of Leominster. Då Godwin dog 1053 efterträdde Harald honom som earl av Wessex (en landsdel som vid denna tid täckte den södra delen av England). 0997–1069. For some twenty years Harold was married More danico (in the Danish manner) to Ealdgyth Swan-neck (also known as Edith Swanneschals or Edith Swanneck) and had at least six children by her. ), circa 1064 at York, Yorkshire, England.3 He died on 14 October 1066 at Hastings, Sussex, England, a blow from a sword wielded by a mounted Norman knight.5 He was buried at Waltham Abbey, Essex, England.5. According to English sources, on his deathbed Edward the Confessor nominated his brother-in-law, Harold Godwinson, as his successor. He is spoken of in a way, and his name is joined with that of the king in a way, which is unusual in the case of an ordinary earl. ISBN 1-4042-0166-1. Genom att invadera vad som nu är Yorkshire i september 1066 besegrade Harald Hårdråde och Tostig de engelska earlerna Edwin av Mercia och Morcar av Northumbria vid slaget vid Fulford nära York (20 september), men besegrades i sin tur av Haralds armé fem dagar senare vid slaget vid Stamford Bridge (25 september). Harold had then to march southward as fast as possible. According to Saxo Grammaticus, after her father's death she and her two brothers "immediately emigrated to Denmark" where Svend II Estrithsen King of Denmark "received them in a spirit of family duty" and arranged her marriage to "Waldemarus King of the Russians"[2069]. Og det var fristende å gripe sjansen. After Harold's death, the Normans were quick to point out that in accepting the crown of England, Harold had perjured himself of this oath. Under 2000-talet förknippas Haralds rykte, så som det alltid gjort, med subjektiva åsikter om huruvida den normandiska erövringen var rätt eller fel. A request to exhume a grave in Bosham church was refused by the Diocese of Chichester in December 2004, the Chancellor ruling that the chances of establishing the identity of the body as Harold's were too slim to justify disturbing a burial place. Through descendants of this Anglo-Rus marriage, she was a progenitor of English Queen Isabella of France, and hence Harold is the ancestor of subsequent English monarchs. The English, on the other hand, paint him as the perfect model of a ruler. [ULF (-after 1087). His first wife was the Danish princess Thyra Sveinsdóttir, one of the daughters of Sweyn I of Denmark and Norway. Harold now appears for the first time in command, holding a ship in the fleet commanded by his father. [2] Scholars disagree as to the reliability of this story. Florence of Worcester´s genealogies name "regina Aldgitha, comitis Ælfgari filia" as mother of King Harold´s son "Haroldum"[2059]. Florence of Worcester´s genealogies name "regina Aldgitha, comitis Ælfgari filia" as mother of King Harold´s son "Haroldum"[2049]. Harold reigned from 5 January 1066, until his death at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October of that same year, fighting the Norman invaders, led by William the Conqueror. As a result of his sister's marriage to the king, Godwin's second son Harold was made Earl of East Anglia in 1045. (1962), Michael Craig in a TV adaptation of A Choice of Kings in the ITV Play of the Week series (1966), Norman Chappell in an episode of the TV comedy series Carry On Laughing entitled "One in the Eye for Harold" (1975), and Jâms Thomas in an episode of the British educational TV series Historyonics entitled "1066" (2004). Harald ble umiddelbart kronet i Westminster. Harold's first wife, Edith Swanneck, was called to identify the body (the face being destroyed) which she did by the tattoos pricked into his chest which read "Edith" and "England". Arvekravet ga toget et anstrøk av legitimitet, som nok kunne vinne endel tvilere for hans sak. Arvekravet ga toget et anstrøk av legitimitet, som nok kunne vinne endel tvilere for hans sak. This strengthened his acceptability as Edward's successor, but fatally divided his own family, driving Tostig into alliance with King Harald Hardrada ("Hard Reign") of Norway. According to Eadmer[2036], the reason for Harold's visit to Normandy was to negotiate the release of his brother Wulfnoth and nephew Haakon, both of whom had been held hostage there since 1051. Harold now acted as mediator between the king and the insurgents, and at last, as the Northumbrians were fully prepared not to receive Tostig agaiu, he agreed to their choice of Morkere and to the banishment of his brother. But it must be remembered that this kind of charge is brought against every leading man of the time, and that we very seldom hear more than one side. He suceeded his brother-in-law Edward the Confessor in January. According to some legends, Sigurd Syr was the great grandson of King Harald Fairhair. Marriage: Gytha Thorkelsdóttir. His death was at the Battle of Hastings, by the lances of Norman knights under William the Conqueror. By this time, William considered himself to be the successor of the childless Edward the Confessor, but the only sources we have for this are Norman ones from after the conquest, as the contemporary English sources such as the Anglo Saxon Chronicle are silent on the matter, referring to Edward's grand-nephew, Edgar, son of Edward the Exile, as Ætheling, or princely heir. Harald var den siste anglosaksiske konge av England. His brothers Gyrth and Leofwine were also killed in the battle. Så gikk han i land på kysten av Northumbria og vant flere seire i mindre slag, byen York var i ferd med å åpne sine porter for ham, da han selv nådde fram. Aldith may have fled abroad (possibly with Harold's mother, Gytha, or with Harold's daughter, Gytha). Florence of Worcester records that "Haroldi regis filii Godwinus, Eadmundus, Magnus" returned from Ireland and landed in Somerset where they were defeated, in a passage which deals with events in mid-1068[2064]. Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, Guy's suzerain, secured Harold's release, possibly in return for the latter's acknowledgement of Duke Guillaume as successor to the English throne, the event being recorded in the Bayeux tapestry. He was one of 11 children. Tostig Godwinsson, born Wessex 1025 ; born 1025-1030 Second son of Godwin named by Orderic Vitalis. Han ble jordet der, men senere flyttet til Waltham kloster. Of Godwin, the powerful Earl of Wessex believed to harold godwinson parents removed to Harold 's picture as in! Rykte, så som det avbildas på Bayeuxtapeten, genom en pil genom ögat dette gjorde han til engelske... This insane Englishman '' contemporary accounts of what happened to Harold attack that the! 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