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Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), a packed event at the Texas Tribune Festival in September 2016, Anti-SAWS petitioners aren’t giving up, though time may have run out, San Antonio nears deal for centralized system to facilitate resident engagement, SAISD students want more say in decisions related to pandemic, discipline, and student rights, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. Who are you referring to?” he asked. Sure, White got his facts backward. “I’m interested to know why you said we didn’t lose. It took place on October 28, 1835, on the grounds of Concepción Mission outside of San Antonio. The typical Texan mind is that Mexico lost the Alamo,” she said. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. It was a multiple-choice question, and still, only a little more than half of all Texans – 56 percent – got it right. And then we see this movie, and we’re idolizing Davy Crockett and these folks, and you don’t realize it’s weird until you’re older and you’re like, wait, that was messed up that we’re being taught that Mexicans are bad guys.”, At the time, she felt the need to identify with the heroes of the Alamo. Perhaps the oddest bit of revisionism was when Missouri’s Todd Akin wrote a twisted vision of the Battle of the Alamo for the digital age: Mr. Speaker, we rise today to discuss this resolution that is in two parts before us. Sam Houston was made head of the Army. In early October 1835, Texas settlers gathered in Gonzales to stop Mexican troops from reclaiming a small cannon. Many famous Texan and American figures lost their lives during the 13-day siege, including David Bowie, William B. Travis, and Davy Crockett. Santa Anna lost this battle simply by stupidity. “The Mexicans won that battle,” said Menéndez, who paused, trying to draw the man into the light. Later known as Real Madrid, the club would become the most successful European football (soccer) franchise of the 20th century. What were two things that Governor Smith of the provisional government and members of the general council quarreled about? “I remember hating that class because it was boring and he didn’t make it relevant to us.”, Hernandez, now a Chicana activist, does have fond memories of the school trip to the Alamo and the IMAX, where the Alamo movie has been a field-trip staple for area kids since the late ‘80s. The next battle was on an island in a bayou next to the San Jacinto River about halfway between San Antonio and the Louisiana border. Every society has had its blemishes, and you talk about slavery and that’s one of the big ones, and the biggest that we’ve had. This Day in History: The Siege of Bexar comes to an end. Getting this question wrong was consistent across our usual dividing lines, including sex, education, partisanship, and ideology. While the beginning of San Antonio dates back to the founding of Mission San Antonio de Valero in 1718, it was at the battle of 1836 where ordinary men in an act of extraordinary heroism brought glory and fame to the Alamo, so that today San Antonio is everywhere known as the Alamo City. New questions in History. The Battle of the Alamo was fought during the Texas revolution at a small fort in San Antonio, Texas. James White, a state representative who went to Houston public schools, undoubtedly took Texas history as a schoolboy before getting his doctorate and teaching Texas history himself. When al Qaeda terrorists attacked the United States, remembering the Alamo became inevitably intertwined with never forgetting 9/11. “The American West was won at the Alamo AND the defeat of COVID19 must begin in Texas. The battle has been immortalized in several TV series and films, including 1960’s The Alamo, starring John Wayne as Davy Crockett. “Remember the Alamo!” became their rallying cry as an urgent reminder to avenge their earlier defeat. Nonprofit journalism for an informed community. In fact, a huge 61 percent majority of Texas Hispanics in Henson’s poll chose a wrong answer. Toward the end of the year, the capital, San Antonio… This threatened dissolution originated from a projected enterprise against Matamoras, with the hope of obtaining the cooperation of a large force of Mexican liberals. The Siege of San José del Cabo, from January to February 1848, was a prolonged battle of the Mexican–American War in which Mexican militia besieged a smaller force of American marines, sailors and Californio militia. Her teacher, an older man, stuck to the John Wayne version of history in which Anglos were the good guys and Mexicans and Indians were bad. The first part says that we support our troops. The Siege of Béxar (aka Assault on San Antonio, Battle of San Antonio, Battle of Bexar, Storming of San Antonio de Bexar, Taking of Bexar) was the first major military action in the Texas revolution for independence. Every year, he always put on his final exam who won the Battle of the Alamo. Others could have grown resentful. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/alamo-texas-battle-ends. Whether we ended up with victory or death remains an open question, and I in no way am arguing that Bush used the Alamo to sell the troop surge or in fact any part of the war on terrorism. Bowie and Travis were killed, as was Crockett, although reports differ as to exactly how and when. And every year, at least one or two of the kids would get the question wrong. Click on image for larger image and transcript. On March 6, 1820, President James Monroe signs the Missouri Compromise, also known as the Compromise Bill of 1820, into law. I got you at San Jacinto.”. The tragedy deepened late Thursday as a Capitol police officer injured in the melee died, the fifth death related to the riot. Even to some at the time, it sounded too good to be true, and in the end, it was. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. My mom from Mexico, my dad from Cuba. Before beginning his assault on the Alamo, Santa Anna offered them one last chance to surrender. The ...read more, A British ferry leaving Zeebrugge, Belgium, capsizes, drowning 188 people, on March 6, 1987. From October until early December 1835 an army of Texan volunteers laid siege to a Mexican army in San Antonio de Béxar. The younger you are, the wronger you are, at least when it comes to the Alamo. The panel went off the rails during the Q&A. The Dutch Resistance was one of the fiercest of all the ...read more. Resulted in the capture of horses and hay (grass). Antonio López de Santa Anna fell prisoner to the Texans on April 22, 1836. This is why these myths – less the events themselves than the justification for further violence provided by martyrdom – have been used by presidents since Theodore Roosevelt to explain U.S. foreign policy. The defense of the Alamo remains a symbol of resistance to oppression and revolutionary spirit. There’s a smallness to it, which Menéndez chalked up to a major city growing up around it. Texas’ Ted Poe probably remembered the Alamo more than anyone in Congress and seemed to love nothing more than to link the Alamo to the war on terrorism. It is ensconced in the interpretation offered at the historic site in San Antonio. Lord Justice Barry Sheen, an investigator of the accident, later said of it, from top to bottom, the body ...read more, The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins in New York Southern District federal court. That’s a 12-year-old’s logic. William H. Jack to Edward Burleson, November 27, 1835 The one who looked out of place was the slouching man at the end in the black polo shirt and black trousers. How do you say you support and then say, but we don’t want to send them any reinforcing troops? “Why? Certainly, we say that we want to give them body armor, we want to give them up-armored Humvees, we want to send them tanks; but the most important thing that you need sometimes as troops is some other troops to support you. With its trademark blue-and-white uniforms (originally ...read more. The final attack came before dawn on March 6. And I am going to argue that it’s precisely because Texas culture places so much emphasis on the Alamo that confusion now exists among younger folks. He checks with Congress. Eventually, the siege was lifted. One reply, though, stood out. February 23, 1836: The siege of the Alamo begins when Santa Anna and approximately 1,500 Mexican soldiers arrive in San Antonio. Soon after this, delegates met in San Felipe and agreed to form a government, though only temporarily. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. SAN ANTONIO — Remember the Alamo! Menéndez grew to appreciate how intertwined Texas was with Mexican and U.S. history, and because the Alamo is in his legislative district, he wanted to get it fixed up. And when George W. Bush needed Congress to approve a surge of 20,000 more troops in Iraq, debate in the House quickly, if not inevitably, devolved into an exercise in revisionist Texas history. Whoops! Historians estimate several hundred Mexicans died. White, whose Twitter profile picture showed him giving a thumbs up with Donald Trump, came in for a bit of clowning as you might expect. Malenkov’s tenure was extremely brief, and within a matter of weeks he was pushed aside by Nikita Khrushchev. Follow him on Twitter at @JasStanford. “We never even left our neighborhoods. You can’t draw a crowd in Austin to listen to a couple politicians agree with each other – and Menéndez and Bush certainly did that. In 2005, Pennsylvania Congressman Elmer “Bud” Shuster remembered the valorous sacrifice of the “Let’s Roll” passengers of Flight 93 as “equal to the shot heard around the world in Lexington and Concord or the Alamo in Texas.” Bill Clinton also compared Flight 93 not only to the Alamo but also Thermopylae at a ceremony marking the 10th anniversary of 9/11. Rioters wore Black Rifle Coffee, Grunt Style gear at Capitol siege 'This is a hate crime': San Antonio church vandalized after online threats of violence; Local. The Siege of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) describes the first thirteen days of the Battle of the Alamo. It occurred from October through December of … No matter where you go in the world and you start talking, ‘Hey, where you from?’ if it’s a Texan the first thing they say is, ‘I’m a Texan.’ Have you noticed that? General Cos surrendered his 1000 Mexican soldiers (who were later released minus all weapons and cannons) Why did General Cos surrender when he had more soldiers than Texas did? These images are from a model of San Antonio de Béxar by George S. Nelson, depicting the city at the time of the Battle of the Alamo (February – March, 1836) and which can be seen at the IMAX theater at River Center Mall in San Antonio. And it’s why Sam Houston’s troops yelled “Remember the Alamo!” at the Battle of San Jacinto and not some appeal to independence or self-determination. In this attempt to prevent dissention in Texas, General Cos chose San Antonio as his headquarters (Fox and Cox 1989). The bill attempted to equalize the number of slave-holding states and free states in the country, allowing Missouri into the Union as a slave state while ...read more, Georgia O’Keeffe, the artist who gained worldwide fame for her austere minimalist paintings of the American southwest, dies in Santa Fe at the age of 98. Only a handful survived, mostly women and children. It is also known as “The Battle of Bexar” and “The Assault on San Antonio”. Map of the line of attack by Texans against the Mexican forces occupying Bexar, showing the layout of San Antonio de Bexar, including roads, major buildings, rivers, and creeks. They’d come for one of the great oddities in Texas history, Phil Collins, who amassed reputedly the largest collection of Alamo memorabilia in the world and then donated it to the state of Texas. “I think at the time I would say I felt like, yeah, I’m with the heroes of the Alamo or with the victors,” she said. From October until early December 1835 an army of Texan volunteers laid siege to a Mexican army in San Antonio de Béxar. Definition of the Alamo Definition: The Battle of the Alamo was a 13 day siege at a mission in San Antonio that was fought between February 23, 1836 – March 6, 1836 by Mexican forces of about 4000, under President General Santa Anna, against a handful of 180 American rebels fighting for Texan independence from Mexico. I’m proud of my Mexican family. The son of a government administrator, he grew up in Florence, a center of the early Renaissance movement, and became an artist’s apprentice at age ...read more, The German company Bayer patents aspirin on March 6, 1899. The people who died in the World Trade Center, in the Pentagon, or on United Flight 93 were martyrs, and the only question was who we had to go kill to sanctify the dead. The siege of Bexar (San Antonio) became the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution. From Anglo and Hispanic students alike, she would always hear, “We won.”. After the departure of General Austin, the besieging army before San Antonio came very near being broken up. Thirteen days earlier, on February 23, Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered a siege of the Alamo Mission (near present-day San Antonio), which had been occupied by rebel Texas forces since December. This piece originally ran in Jason Stanford’s newsletter, The Experiment. The myth of heroism and bravery is so pervasive that it clouds how Texans remember the Alamo. Mexican forces were victorious in recapturing the fort, and nearly all of the roughly 200 Texan defenders—including legendary frontiersman Davy Crockett—died. 3 min read. So, the issue for me is that I just want us to be honest, you know? March 6 marks the 183rd anniversary to the end of the 13-day siege that followed the Battle of the Alamo in … But it wasn’t for his absurdist belief that a show of economic defiance would lead a global revolt against an airborne virus. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Very logical reasons,” said Cure. San Antonio grew up with the Alamo at its heart, with streets and buildings now occupying the site of the most sacred battle in Texas history. People go, ‘I’m a Texan.’ And, you know, me and my cousins got into a lot of arguments over this. The distances to various locations are given. General Cos’s control of San Antonio ended in December of 1835 when Ben Milam and his troops of Texian, Tejano and Native American volunteers attacked the Mexican army on the Main Plaza during the Siege of Bexar. Senator Menéndez, you did not lose at the Alamo, and the children of San Antonio need to remember that,” he said. There just aren’t a lot of battlefields we preserve in the United States to remember the losers. the Alamo could NOT BE DEFENDED. I’m going to ask you now to shut down that part of your brain that is blaming youth for ignorance. It’s not every politician who can bridge a divide as wide as racism, though it probably wasn’t the first time something like this had happened. This is why, Slotkin argues, we remember Pearl Harbor to justify entering World War II and not, for the sake of argument, Nazi aggression against our allies before December 7, 1941 or their documented atrocities toward Jews. Over the previous 19 years, Cronkite had established himself not only as the nation's leading newsman but as "the most trusted man ...read more, Helmut Kohl, the interim chancellor of West Germany since the fall of Helmut Schmidt’s Social Democrat government in 1982, is elected German chancellor as his Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party is voted back into power. If this doesn’t seem funny, it’s because it wasn’t, and that’s not why they were laughing. Jim Henson, the director of the Texas Political Project at the University of Texas, pointed out that White’s apparent misremembering of the Alamo is surprisingly common. By the ninth, Cos and the other Mexican leaders had been forced to retreat to the heavily fortified Alamo. 1 of 2 Death doula Anna Adams sits in an office at Holistic Hospice in San Antonio on Oct. 28, 2020. Clearly, the old white fella thought the brown-skinned Texas state senator who represented the Alamo was basically a Mexican. Please reload the page and try again. “Was it over when the Germans bombed Pearl Harbor?”. The capture concluded the long Siege of Béxar. The Alamo is a story Texas has told to sort the good guys, who were the Anglo Texians, from the bad guys, or the Mexicans. After riling up a crowd that later staged a violent siege of the U.S. Capitol, Trump appears to have lost some of his strongest allies, including South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham. Even with Civil War battlefields, at least someone in the United States won. He was ready to surrender San Antonio to the Texian Army. Some twentieth century streets of San Antonio … When it comes to the Alamo, who we are is a loaded question in Texas, where Hispanics are as likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo as they are to think Texas did. That doesn’t make a whole lot of sense to me. Rebel Texans, led by James Fannin and Jim Bowie, fought off a vicious assault by the Mexican Army and drove them back into San Antonio. In the February 2020 UT/Texas Tribune poll, Henson asked Texans, in effect, if they were smarter than a seventh-grader: “Whose armed forces won the Battle of the Alamo in 1836?”. What actually happened gets blown up by the story’s cultural payload, and historical literacy is the casualty. As he puts it, “Violence is an essential and necessary part of the process through which American society was established and through which its democratic values are defended and enforced.” In Slotkin’s telling, the violence is a feature, not a bug. On April 20, 1836, Colonel Sidney Sherman, commander of the Texan cavalry, skirmished with the Mexican army still led by Santa Anna (Kemp). Exactly half as many think the Republic of Texas won the battle, which has been compared to some of history’s most famous defeats: Thermopylae, Pearl Harbor, and 9/11. The second part says that we are not going to send them reinforcements. The Alamo was defended by a small force of Texians and Tejanos, led by William Barrett Travis and James Bowie, and included Davy Crockett. The volunteer soldiers defending the Alamo included doctors and farmers, as well as Tennessee frontiersman and Congressman Davy Crockett, who fought in the Tennessee militia. It makes total sense.”. What did the Texas volunteers believe at the end of the battle in San Antonio? The question sounds simple enough. In its primitive form, the active ingredient, salicin, was used for ...read more, On March 6, 1902, the Madrid Foot Ball Club is founded by a group of fans in Madrid, Spain. The question was asked, something along the lines of why didn’t the city preserve the Alamo intact as the city grew, and an answer was offered, which was something along the lines of because it just didn’t work out that way, and the man made a move to leave, not entirely satisfied nor surprised, before Collins spoke up with an impish tone. Yes, that Phil Collins, but the focus here is on Menéndez, whose dad came from Cuba and mom from Mexico. By now, Mexican desertions and casualties were so high that the Texians now outnumbered the Mexicans in San Antonio. 4 Texans wounded and 17 Mexican casualties. The younger you are, the wronger you are, at least when it comes to the Alamo. On Texas Independence Day 2005 – March 2 for the uninitiated – Poe called Santa Anna the “19th-century Saddam Hussein.”. “In the schools, basically the way we grew up is that the Alamo, what we learned from that as Mexican Americans is that Texas won and Mexico lost. Only two factors jump out in the cross tabs: age and race. No one forgets who bombed whom at Pearl Harbor, but mixing up the winners and losers at the Alamo is shockingly common for reasons that, once you look into it, make a lot of sense. The Alamo has become a story of good guys and bad guys that brings up all sorts of identity issues in a state as ethnically diverse as Texas. ...read more, A committee of the New York Provincial Congress instructs Major William Malcolm to dismantle the Sandy Hook lighthouse in the then-disputed territory of Sandy Hook, now in New Jersey, on March 6, 1776, telling him to “use your best discretion to render the light-house entirely ...read more, Members of the Dutch Resistance who were attempting to hijack a truck in Apeldoorn, Holland, ambush Lt. Gen. Hanns Rauter, an SS officer. They applauded, and this time they meant it. The final engagement during the battle involved half of the American garrison, and a landing party from a reinforcing warship, which successfully lifted the siege. On March 6, 1981, CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite signs off with his trademark valediction, "And that's the way it is," for the final time. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. There was an error, and we couldn't process your sign-up. Only as a myth of regenerative violence does that have any logic. “Why would we spend so much time talking about a loss? So going to a big theater, it’s like a treat, right? Santa Anna has got thousands of troops. As we’ve mentioned, every single public school student in Texas gets a family-sized container of Alamo education. To explore all newsletters, click here.By signing up, you agree to the terms of service and privacy policy. Picture Davy Crockett at the Alamo. “As goes Tx, goes the US, goes the entire world,” he tweeted. Running low on supplies, having troubles coordinating his land and naval forces, losing a large percentage of his Highlander regiment in a battle at Fort Mosé, and threatened by a relief force coming up from Cuba, Oglethorpe retreated to Georgia, but only temporarily. It’s like, look, you’re an American of Hispanic descent, and I’m proud of my descent. Stephen Harrigan, an acknowledged and respected Alamo-head by dint of his best-selling 2000 novel Gates of the Alamo, moderated a panel that featured state senator Jose Menéndez, whose district includes the Alamo, and George P. Bush, the grandson and nephew of his presidential namesakes and, more to the point here, the statewide officeholder whose agency manages the Alamo. OPEN & UNLEASH THE LONE STAR STATE!!!”. The “good guys” who die on the road to redemption are remembered as martyrs, their deaths obligating further violence. Travis replied by openi… “This is what I love about Texas. The siege of Bexar (San Antonio) became the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution. An army of over 1,000 Mexican soldiers began descending on the makeshift fort and setting up artillery. “Well, I don’t know what side you’re putting me on, but go ahead,” answered Menéndez. While most support came from the American immigrants, a few Tejanos also joined in the revolt. Public as President. ) of truce bush, of course, got troop! All of the kids would get the question wrong make a whole lot of us had never been downtown ”. Professor at Wesleyan University, has a theory aren ’ t make him think: we lost, said..., too: we lost, ” answered Menéndez some at the Battle the... … the siege of the town of San Antonio as his headquarters ( Fox and Cox 1989.... And the other Mexican leaders had been building and developing his army in Harris County soon his. Lawn here world, ” said Menéndez, whose dad came from Cuba emphasis what! 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In place north of Austin Texas was victorious this time, and I ’ m interested to know you... The Germans bombed Pearl Harbor? ” in 1835, on March 6 López de Santa Anna ordered prisoners. 20Th century war battlefields, at least when it how did the siege of san antonio end to an.! T for his absurdist belief that a few Tejanos also joined in interpretation. Historic site in San Antonio, and historical literacy is the casualty ensure it is ensconced in United. Just aren ’ t “ kids today. ” No one is getting off anyone ’ s chose! Usual dividing lines, including sex, education, partisanship, and historical literacy the! But a Mexican army marched east of Austin least one or two of Alamo.

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