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The large coastal plain of the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern section of the state contains Greater Boston, along with most of the state's population,[44] as well as the distinctive Cape Cod peninsula. Possible interpretations of the exact origin of the word Massachusetts: [79] Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses,[80] and tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. [161] As of August 2016, the EPA reports that Massachusetts has warmed by over two degrees Fahrenheit, or 1.1 degrees Celsius. [106] On the coast, Salem became a center for privateering. [377][378], The Boston Globe, Boston Herald, Springfield Republican, and the Worcester Telegram & Gazette are Massachusetts's largest daily newspapers. Another eight years later, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren was a frontrunner in the Democratic primaries for the 2020 Presidential Election, but suspended her campaign and then endorsed presumptive nominee Joe Biden. [408] A number of major golf events have taken place in Massachusetts, including nine U.S. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States,[61] with the largest financial endowment of any university,[62] and Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. [387] According to Businessweek, commonwealth residents have an average life expectancy of 80.41 years, the fifth-longest in the country. [259], The state imposes a 6.25% sales tax[257] on retail sales of tangible personal property—except for groceries, clothing (up to $175.00), and periodicals. [291][292] Logan, Hanscom Field in Bedford, and Worcester Regional Airport are operated by Massport, an independent state transportation agency. [93] This established Massachusetts's southern border in the west,[94] though surveying problems resulted in disputed territory until 1803–04. It is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States and has an area of 10,555 square miles (27,340 km2), 25.7% of which is water. [156] Other marine species include Harbor seals, the endangered North Atlantic right whales, as well as humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, and Atlantic white-sided dolphins. [210] 32% of the population identifies as having no religion. info]), ufficialmente Commonwealth del Massachusetts, è uno dei cinquanta Stati federati che compongono gli Stati Uniti d'America ed è situato nella regione della Nuova Inghilterra. Residential structures operated by non-profit organizations, for profit operations, or housing authorities may take advantage of these programs. Nearly 800 vessels were commissioned as privateers and are credited with capturing or destroying about 600 British ships.[107]. [379] In addition, there are many community dailies and weeklies. The Massachusetts Bay banished dissenters such as Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams due to religious and political disagreements. [104] Future President George Washington took over what would become the Continental Army after the battle. [180][181], Like the rest of the Northeastern United States, the population of Massachusetts has continued to grow in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The Hartford Line connects Springfield to New Haven, operated in conjunction with the Connecticut Department of Transportation, and the Valley Flyer runs a similar route but continues further north to Greenfield. In terms of age, 79.2% were over 18 and 14.8% were over 65. To ensure that the Commonwealth experiences warming no more than 1.5°C of pre-industrialization levels, the state will work to achieve net-zero emissions and the overall reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 85 percent by the year 2050. The state motto (in Latin and written in yellow on a blue ribbon) reads "ENSE PETIT PLACIDAM SUB LIBERTATE QUIETEM," meaning "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty." In her letter, Theoharides stresses that as of 2020, the Commonwealth has experienced property damage attributable to climate change of more than $60 billion. [296] Interstate 90 (I-90, also known as the Massachusetts Turnpike), is the longest interstate in Massachusetts. [170], As a part of the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ effort to incentivize the usage of renewable energy, the MOR-EV, or Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles initiative was created. U.S. state flag consisting of a white field (background) with a coat of arms featuring an American Indian and a star.The seal of the Massachusetts Bay Colony of 1629 showed an Indian and pine trees, and both these symbols have continued to be used up to … [232], In 2015, twelve Fortune 500 companies were located in Massachusetts: Liberty Mutual, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, TJX Companies, General Electric, Raytheon, American Tower, Global Partners, Thermo Fisher Scientific, State Street Corporation, Biogen, Eversource Energy, and Boston Scientific. I fiumi principali sono il Taunton, il Connecticut, il Charles e il Merrimack. ", "A Practical Guide to Living in the State—Education", "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings", "Apps Test | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)", "Fortune 500 List by State for 2018—GeographyRealm", "Here are the Most Innovative States in America in 2016", "Here's a new list of the richest people in Mass.—The Boston Globe", "Monthly Airport Traffic Summary—December 2015", "Venture Investment—Regional Aggregate Data", "Where do Massachusetts tourists come from? [345], Massachusetts was an early center of the Transcendentalist movement, which emphasized intuition, emotion, human individuality and a deeper connection with nature. Nonostante i Puritani si fossero trasferiti nel Nord America per poter professare liberamente il loro culto, al tempo stesso si dimostrarono intolleranti nei confronti di altre religioni: personaggi famosi come Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams e Thomas Hooker dovettero abbandonare lo Stato perché perseguitati per le loro convinzioni. [163], The State of Massachusetts has developed a plethora of incentives to encourage the implementation of renewable energy and efficient appliances and home facilities. He asked that a writ of Quo warranto (a legal action requiring the defendant to show what authority they have for exercising some right, power, or franchise they claim to hold) be issued against Massachusetts for the violations. [68], Depending on how it is calculated, state and local tax burden in Massachusetts has been estimated among U.S. states and Washington D.C. as 21st-highest (11.44% or $6,163 per year for a household with nationwide median income)[251] or 25th-highest overall with below-average corporate taxes (39th-highest), above-average personal income taxes, (13th-highest), above-average sales tax (18th-highest), and below-average property taxes (46th-highest). The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. [90] Both religious dissent and expansionism resulted in several new colonies being founded shortly after Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay elsewhere in New England. (The name "State of Massachusetts Bay" appeared in the first—rejected—draft. [109] (The Constitution of Vermont, adopted in 1777, represented the first partial ban on slavery. As monuments and sculptures across the country come under scrutiny, Native American advocates in Massachusetts revived a push for a change of the state … Due to its location near the Atlantic, Massachusetts is vulnerable to nor'easters, hurricanes and tropical storms. [211], In 2018, Massachusetts's overall educational system was ranked the top among all fifty U.S. states by U.S. News & World Report. Due to COVID-19, Mass Save is currently conducting assessments remotely. [390], The nation's first Marine Hospital was erected by federal order in Boston in 1799. [164], The concept of Mass Save was created in 2008 by the passing of the Green Communities Act of 2008 during Deval Patrick’s tenure as governor. [103], The Battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the American Revolutionary War and were fought in the eponymous Massachusetts towns. [133][failed verification] Often controversial, with numerous claims of graft and mismanagement, and with its initial price tag of $2.5 billion increasing to a final tally of over $15 billion, the Big Dig nonetheless changed the face of Downtown Boston. [179], The state's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, has declined from 95.4% in 1970 to 73.7% in 2014. According to 2010 data from The Association of Religion Data Archives, (ARDA) the largest single denominations are the Catholic Church with 2,940,199 adherents; the United Church of Christ with 86,639 adherents; and the Episcopal Church with 81,999 adherents. [145] There are currently 219 endangered species in Massachusetts. Several regional and short line railroads also provide service and connect with other railroads. There are a number of major AM and FM stations which serve Massachusetts,[380] along with many more regional and community-based stations. [132] The project included making the Central Artery a tunnel under downtown Boston, in addition to the re-routing of several other major highways. It is home to the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, ac… Massachusetts' State motto, Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem,can be translated as With the sword she seeks peace under liberty. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem, United States Declaration of Independence, Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War after Saratoga, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780, Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area, Department of Conservation and Recreation, Lowell Power Canal System and Pawtucket Gatehouse, African Americans migrated to Massachusetts, List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts, List of engineering schools in Massachusetts, List of school districts in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, National Assessment of Educational Progress, List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income, List of Massachusetts locations by unemployment rate, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Lowell National Historical Park Trolley Line, to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, Political party strength in Massachusetts, United States presidential elections in Massachusetts, Government of Massachusetts § Local Government, Springfield Armory National Historic Site, New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park, National Shrine of The Divine Mercy (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), List of television stations in Massachusetts, Governorship of Mitt Romney § Health care, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth", "States where English is the official language", "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Black-Capped Chickadee:Massachusetts State Bird", "Wild Turkey:Massachusetts State Game Bird", "Right Whale: Massachusetts State Marine Mammal", "Morgan Horse: Massachusetts State Horse", "Boston Terrier: Massachusetts State Dog", "Garter Snake: Massachusetts State Reptile", "Cranberry Juice: Massachusetts State Beverage", "Blue—Green—Cranberry: Massachusetts State Colors", "Square Dance: Massachusetts State Folk Dance", "Corn Muffin: Massachusetts State Muffin", "Baked Navy Bean: Massachusetts State Bean", "Boston Creme Pie: Massachusetts State Dessert", "Chocolate Chip Cookie: Massachusetts State Cookie", "Boston Cream Donut: Massachusetts State Donut", "Dinosaur Tracks: Massachusetts State Fossil", "Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral", "Blue Hills of Massachusetts: Massachusetts State Poem", "Can you guess the state sport of Massachusetts? [393] According to 2015 rankings by U.S. News & World Report, Massachusetts General Hospital is ranked in the top three in two health care specialties. In questo Stato sono nati e sono state codificate le regole di due degli sport di squadra più praticati in assoluto: il basket a Springfield e la pallavolo a Holyoke; le due città sono oggi rispettivamente sedi del Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame e del Volleyball Hall of Fame, in cui vengono ricordati le più grandi personalità legate alla pallacanestro e alla pallavolo. [225] Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, both located in Cambridge, consistently rank among the world's best private universities and universities in general. Salem Maritime National Historic Park", "Pennsylvania's Gradual Abolition Act of 1780", "The Ratification of the U.S. Constitution in Massachusetts", "Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment", "State Compulsory School Attendance Laws", "Job Loss, Shrinking Revenues, and Grinding Decline in Springfield, Massachusetts: Is A Finance Control Board the Answer? [324] These have been considered to be among the most moderate Republican leaders in the nation;[325][326] they have received higher net favorability ratings from the state's Democrats than Republicans. Mostly political for Charles II of England deemed the "Hull Mint" high treason in the United Kingdom which had a punishment of Hanging, drawing and quartering. The Route 128 corridor and Greater Boston continue to be a major center for venture capital investment,[240] and high technology remains an important sector. The Basketball Hall of Fame is a major tourist destination in the City of Springfield and the Volleyball Hall of Fame is located in Holyoke. This document designates over 60 state symbols for the state of Massachusetts. At least 11 other states have, too", "Swampscott celebrates neighbor turned governor", "Number of Legislators and Length of Terms in Years", National Conference of State Legislatures, "Geographic Boundaries of United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts", "Distribution of 2004 and 2008 Electoral Votes", National Archives and Records Administration, "Does 'Massachusetts liberal' label still matter? Ogni anno, fin dal 1897 e nel giorno del Patriots' Day, si tiene sulle strade di Boston la maratona di Boston, una delle più antiche e importanti corse podistiche al mondo. [245][246], As of 2012, there were 7,755 farms in Massachusetts encompassing a total of 523,517 acres (2,120 km2), averaging 67.5 acres (0.273 km2) apiece. [281], On the southern shore of the state, several different passenger ferry lines connect Martha's Vineyard to ports along the mainland, including Woods Hole, Hyannis, New Bedford, and Falmouth, all in Massachusetts, as well as North Kingstown in Rhode Island, Highlands in New Jersey, and New York City in New York. Jews currently make up 3% of the population. Despite the state's Democratic-leaning tendency, Massachusetts has generally elected Republicans as Governor: only one Democrat (Deval Patrick) has served as governor since 1991, and among gubernatorial election results from 2002 to 2018, Republican nominees garnered 48.4% of the vote compared to 45.7% for Democratic nominees. [236] Billionaires living in the state include past and present leaders (and related family) of local companies such as Fidelity Investments, New Balance, Kraft Group, Boston Scientific, and the former Continental Cablevision. Several universities in Massachusetts are notable for their collegiate athletics. Climate change in Massachusetts will affect both urban and rural environments, including forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and coastal development. Il territorio del Massachusetts nell'entroterra è collinare; è attraversato dal sistema degli Appalachi la cui vetta più alta è quella del Monte Greylock (1064 m). The state is home to two Division I FBS teams, Boston College of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and FBS Independent University of Massachusetts at Amherst. In recent years tourism has played an ever-important role in the state's economy, with Boston and Cape Cod being the leading destinations. Most ports north of Cape Cod are served by Boston Harbor Cruises, which operates ferry services in and around Greater Boston under contract with the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. The phrase is often loosely translated into English as "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty." [346], Other famous authors and poets born or strongly associated with Massachusetts include Nathaniel Hawthorne, Louisa May Alcott, John Updike, Emily Dickinson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, E.E. Insieme con dodici siti storici nazionali, il National Park Service gestisce anche il Cape Cod National Seashore e la Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. Massachusetts also has large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Haitian, Cape Verdean and Brazilian populations. “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty" is the state motto of Massachusetts. The largest ancestry group in Massachusetts are the Irish (22.5% of the population), who live in significant numbers throughout the state but form more than 40% of the population along the South Shore in Norfolk and Plymouth counties (in both counties overall, Irish-Americans comprise more than 30% of the population). Why hasn’t it passed? [60] In 2006, Massachusetts became the first state to approve a law that provided for nearly universal healthcare. In 1636, Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island, and Hutchinson joined him there several years later. [227] The public University of Massachusetts (nicknamed UMass) features five campuses in the state, with its flagship campus in Amherst, which enrolls more than 25,000. Various Chinatown bus lines depart for New York from South Station in Boston. [222], Massachusetts's per-student public expenditure for elementary and secondary schools was eighth in the nation in 2012, at $14,844. È il 7º più piccolo e il 15º più popoloso tra i 50 stati degli Stati Uniti. Although much of Massachusetts had been cleared for agriculture, leaving only traces of old-growth forest in isolated pockets, secondary growth has regenerated in many rural areas as farms have been abandoned. Colors of the Flag. [102] Anti-Parliamentary activity by men such as Samuel Adams and John Hancock, followed by reprisals by the British government, were a primary reason for the unity of the Thirteen Colonies and the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775. Confina a nord con il New Hampshire e il Vermont, a ovest con lo Stato di New York, a sud con il Connecticut e il Rhode Island, e a est con l'oceano Atlantico. The earliest record we can find of the motto being used is 1775. [184], By sex, 48.4% were male, and 51.6% were female in 2014. [162] This is almost twice as much as the average for the contiguous United States. A significant Jewish population immigrated to the Boston and Springfield areas between 1880 and 1920. [299][300][301] It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000. The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States. [179][186] As of 2011, non-Hispanic whites were involved in 63.6% of all the births,[187] while 36.4% of the population of Massachusetts younger than age 1 was minorities (at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white). [284], Other ferry connections in the state include a line between Fall River and Block Island via Newport,[285] seasonal ferry service connecting Plymouth to Provincetown,[286] and a service between New Bedford and Cuttyhunk. The time, the Government of Massachusetts has a total of 143 hospitals in the state as overall. Gradual Abolition act of 1780 [ 110 ] made Pennsylvania the first openly lesbian or gay candidate to. 33,000 nonprofits in Massachusetts also has large Dominican, Puerto Rican descent are credited with capturing or destroying 600... Around 2:49 pm EDT to become the Continental Army after the battle Central,. Higher education system in the 20th century, immigration from Latin America considerably! 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