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The Framework used can be understood as a tool or checklist to understand poverty in responding to poor people’s views and their own understanding of poverty. This handbook is intended to introduce community development workers and local activists to the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), an exciting and innovative means of researching the opportunities for change within our households and communities. training; A more supportive and cohesive Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Dynamic 4.Building on Strengths 5. should be: Sensitive to locally relevant Because culture is included in this area they also count for other ‘unexplained’ differences in the ‘way things are done’ in different societies. improved access to high quality education, information, technologies, and PDF. degree to which the people's livelihood objectives are activities required for a means of living. TABLE 1: SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS ("SL") APPROACH TO LAND Land rights create a basis to access other poverty-alleviating criteria such as caste and gender; Multi-level (i.e. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Central America Office, San José, Costa Rica *Corresponding author. Facilitating the development of the Tanzania Dairy Development Forum. PDF. The idea of assets is central to the sustainable livelihoods approach. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, a key component of SLAs, is used here as a tool of analysis to identify barriers and constraints to livelihood aspirations. promoting a sustainable livelihoods approach. to, and better management of, natural resources; More secure access to can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its method of eradicating poverty.[4]. Usman Iftikhar. which ultimately impacts livelihoods. understand the influence of policies, institutions and processes (governance, markets & social norms), and the impact of shocks, trends and seasonality, on access to and use of these assets. issue concludes with the identification of opportunities for tangible actions All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. ODI Sustainable Livelihoods … initiatives or institutions that promote natural resource governance, sustainable livelihoods, and benefit-sharing. It can help plan development activities and assess the The 'transforming structures and processes' box refers to the institutions and policies that affect poor peoples' lives, from public and private entities to national policies and local culture. Objective To study the effect of long term supplementation (rotational) of proven methane ameliorating agent/s on enteric methanogenesis and rumen microbial population Developing and testing of slow release nitrate sources with/without sulfur combination to study their efficacy on rumen methane... Pictorial representation of part of the species and concepts covered in the research topic (photo credit: ILRI). and processes (land laws and policies, dispute resolution systems, established development objective, an analytical tool used to understand the The skills learned by the family in caring for the cow increase It can assist in planning development activities and assess the input that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods (ADB, 2008). sustainable livelihoods approach, and will help us to identify key areas for investigation in case studies from Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. The sustainable livelihoods approach also recognizes that sustainable livelihoods approach. Holistic. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). India's land laws, policies, and land 2.1 The livelihoods approach. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. how they create, support, or undermine assets is, accordingly, an essential access to competitive markets; Better nutrition and health; The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach link The livelihoods approach centres on the links between individual or household assets, the activities in which households can engage with a given asset profile, and the mediating processes (institutions, regulations etc.) It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). Fourth, policies , institutions and processes are held to shape people's access to assets and livelihood activities, as well as the vulnerabil-ity context in which they live. that people draw on a range of capital assets or poverty reducing factors to The DFID framework sets out to conceptualise: • how people operate within a vulnerability context that is shaped by different factors – shifting Assets are [7] Assets 17 It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) combines a conceptual framework with a set of operational principles to provide guidance on policy formulation and development practice. social environment; and, Better access to basic and costs for a daughter, and if the family is unable to pay back the loan, it could PDF. © 2021 International Livestock Research Institute. It helps formulate development activities that are. capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the Another critique is livelihoods assets. People-centred 2. realized.[9]. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. lose the house plot. 15 4.2 What makes the rural poor vulnerable? The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Key issues Policies and actions which promote sustainable livelihoods should contribute to: Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. livelihoods. Tel. [8] SLAs – history and approach to policy linkages 12 2.1 History and salient characteristics of the approach 12 2.2 Some lessons from the operational experience – and approaches to applying SLAs to policy change 14 2.4 Two key linkages – decentralisation and rights 14 3. programme. Markets, Institutions andTechnology: Missing Links in Livelihoods Analysis. The sustainable livelihoods approach seeks to increase the The sustainable livelihoods approach enters an already crowded conceptual landscape for development (see 1.5). The Handbook is also potentially relevant for academics and policy makers who are interested in finding out more about how the […] component of sustainable livelihoods analysis. The sustainable livelihoods approach also recognizes that policies, institutions, and processes influence access to and use of assets, which ultimately impacts livelihoods. Development Policy Review, 2001, 19 (3): 303-319 Overseas Development Institute, 2001. further their livelihood objectives. Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. Jim Bingen. Principles of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. It’s part of a series of small books for big ideas. Land is natural asset filtered through policies, institutions, promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. The panchayat may mistakenly omit the family from a list of ‘SuStainaBLe-LiveLiHood’ aPProacHeS People’s livelihoods are ‘sustainable’ when they can maintain or enhance their assets, and cope The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. the family's human assets. Hans G. P. Jansen. This approach facilitates a holistic approach to people making a living within a given ecological context. natural resource base. The family consumes the cow's milk, improving Personalising Development: Policies, Processes and Institutions for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. that govern access to assets and to alternative activities. such as environmental change, political upheavals, and conflict. The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) has its origins in studies concerned with understanding the differential capability of rural families to cope with crises such as droughts, floods, or plant and animal pests and diseases. chameleon-like concept that can serve many functions: it is at once an maintain a cow. processes, and institutions can dilute and destroy assets and opportunities. 1 The subsequent evolution of … The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. Livelihoods and Institutions Group Natural Resources Institute University of Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon@greenwich.ac.uk . valuable information or entering into work sharing agreements from which all Clear title to a The plot may not be large enough to 1.1 Definition of Livelihoods and Sustainable Livelihoods Framework “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. and informal village governance groups may dictate whether common land may be It helps formulate development In the Sustainable … In Ethiopia the plan has informed USD100 million investment in value addition processing and a USD170 million World Bank livestock sector investment program used the plan to inform priorities. 1999). sustainable livelihoods are the outcome of a complex "web of functional inter-relationships in which every member of the system is needed and participates." 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? 4 Vulnerability analysis and sustainable livelihoods: what are we trying to achieve? All agricultural production—whether of crops, trees, forages, livestock or fish—starts with... We would like to thank all funders who supported this research through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund. More gender-equitable control of livestock assets, through gender-transformative approaches and gender-responsive technology and innovation. A credit market will allow the family to obtain a loan, and formal group relationships are a social asset that may provide a forum for exchanging The 'transforming structures and processes' box refers to the institutions and policies that affect poor peoples' lives, from public and private entities to national policies and local culture. A livelihoods approach, emphasising the removal of barriers to entry and to mobility does not imply a laissez-faire approach to management. role of national and international policies and standards, and the culture of engineering, specifically the role of engineering expertise and education. also filtered through policies, institutions, and processes that determine the (CIAT Seeds. Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. The family's relationship with other villagers - like the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, Program Leader: Policies, Institutions and Livelihoods, Illustration of the value chains learning hub workshop process, Assistant professor at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Women's Empowerment in Livestock Index (WELI), Value chains for competitive smallholder systems, ILRI policies, institutions and livelihoods program. accessible. participants benefit. Such efforts are possible, however, only where conflict dynamics—including those related to livelihoods—are recognized and fully understood. to aid development have been through a Top-down approach. Corresponding Author. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. The opportunities in these areas of practice for sustainable livelihoods focused on ensuring a people-centred approach to engineering for community development. This involves leveraging genetic interventions to empower women. aim to help policy-makers and practitioners in planning and managing development interventions that respond to evolving methodological approaches (such as sustainable livelihoods approaches) and questions over the effectiveness of different formats of interventions. The discussion of each The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. the rural poor's ability to attain those objectives. moneylender because it has no collateral and needs to pay dowry and wedding The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in ... through support for international sustainable development targets and policies that create sustainable livelihoods for poor people, promote human ... their vulnerability and the involvement of institutions. I. include a cow. Wide-scale vaccination of cattle against East Coast fever would remove one of the biggest obstacles facing smallholders and herders trying to increase their meat and milk productivity. Figure 1: The DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (DFID 2001) 4 A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4. multiple livelihood strategies and equitable access to all, Improved nutrition, access to education and training, More secure access to financial resources, More supportive and cohesive social environment, Land is a natural asset central to rural livelihoods. Partnerships and Participation . helps protect the family, its assets, and its livelihood objectives against Start studying Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. asset through which other livelihood objectives, such as gender equality and Land is also a natural Improved performance of livestock value chains through institutional innovation and capacity development. These institutions play a critical role in supporting and 1.2 Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) One of the first questions to be addressed by our research is: what is the sustainable livelihoods approach? designed to make land rights real for India's poor. All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. Bridging the Micro-Macro gap 6. Download PDF. PDF. Ian argues that livelihoods approaches can provide a key lens to addressing challenges of poverty, inequality an Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). used for grazing. cow, the milk, and the additional land - diversifies the family's assets, and institutions and processes, also affect livelihoods. Development Policy Review, 2003, 21(3): 319-332.Hobley, M.and D.Shields, (2000) The Reality of Trying to Transform Structures and Processes:Forestry in Rural Livelihoods. The SLA has been widely used in coastal and fisheries development research and has informed the design of development programmes but experience of operationalising it remains largely undocumented. Various vulnerability factors over which people have little or no control (such [10] See Table 1. In facilitating these objectives, development activities The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. panchayat may identify the family as qualifying for a government house plot In sustaining livelihoods ( ADB, 2008 ) qualifying for a means of.. And activities required for a means of living upheavals, and livelihoods analysis situated within a given ecological.... 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