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For more related information, you may refer to the following: Facts about the Indus Valley Civilization. Yet, this culture could not defeat the law of nature and was, as such, not imperishable. Most of the cities disappeared or were abandoned. Though the reason of the decline is not known, but through excavations it is clear that fall of the Harappan Civilization occurred between 1800 BC to 1700 BC. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Because have not deciphered their written language. Aryan invaders killed people and destroyed the Indus Valley … One likely cause of the decline of the civilization was environmental degradation. Some Historians attribute the decline of the Harappan culture to the river Indus changing its course frequently. The location where the Indus valley civilisation once flourished is a desert today. The point is proved by the silt-clay that covers the collapsed houses at Mohenjo-Daro. Afterwards, the culture began to decline. Owing to this, people of the Indus Valley started shifting to some other location leading to the decline in the entire civilization. The end was partly caused by changing river patterns. The decline of Harappan culture has evoked the historians to find out its causes. Knowledge and use of iron as weapons was known to the Aryans, not to the Harappan people. The god Indra of the Vedas is also known as Purandara or destroyer of the forts. After 1500 years of prominence, the Harappan culture gradually declined to the point of extinction. Though the reason of the decline is not known, but through excavations it is clear that fall of the Harappan Civilization occurred between 1800 BC to 1700 BC. Many scholars now believe the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. Environmental factors. Copyright 10. because the Mohenjo-Daro situation did not occur in these regions. The human remains found during excavation of Indus valley point towards some violent cause of their death. Harappan civilization. With the population of over five million, this civilization had a well developed trade system, cities, sewerage system, metallurgy techniques with many other mathematical and scientific achievements. Its decline set in around 1800 B.C. Historians have found evidence to prove this theory as well. Geographically, the Harappan culture occupied an area that was prone to earthquakes as it came under a seismographic zone. Historians have suggested various causes for the decline of the Harappan civilization. They were skilled fighters, so their attack might have led to the destruction of the Harappan Civilization. As a consequence came the decline of Harappa. Dr. Nishant Malik, from the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York state, developed a mathematical model. There is archaeological proof of genocide and unburied skeletal remains scattered everywhere in Mohenjo-Daro. It is commonly believed that the Aryans were the next settlers. The study also resolves the debate on the source and identity of the Sarasvati, the sacred river of Hindu mythology. Around 1800 BCE signs of a gradual decline began to emerge, and by around 1700 BCE most of the cities had been abandoned. 3. A number of studies have shown that the area which is today the Thar Desert was once far wetter, and that the climate slowly became drier. Archaeologists do not know why this happened. The eastward shift of monsoons may have reduced the water supply, forcing the Harappans of the Indus River Valley to migrate and establish smaller villages and isolated farms. deforestation, loss of topsoil, earthquakes, flooding. Published on: June 3, 2013 | Updated on: October 16, 2014, Select from the Drop Down to view archives. The view of Kosambi is fairly acceptable in the context of the forts of the Harappan culture. Most of the rich traditions left behind were later on retained by the Aryans and others. It now appears that climate change was responsible for the decline and fall of the Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan culture. As such the Indus delta shifted away from Mohenjo-Daro and water became scarce. Content Guidelines 2. It has been found out that around 2000 BC some major climatic changes started occurring in the Indus Valley. There is no general agreement regarding the causes of the breakdown of Harappan urban society. Prohibited Content 3. The massive floods in the Indus must have been a potent cause for the extinction of the Harappan culture. Give three possible causes for the sudden end of the Harappan civilization. As per some scholars, the reason of the decline is the change in the course of River Ghaggar-Harka that had led to an increase in aridity of the place. Further, the Vedas speak of the forest of the ‘dasa’ or ‘dasyu’. Proper sewage system was one of the major characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization. Cities, for instance, were initially built with great care but reconstruction of the same was done with broken bricks and no attention was paid to the proper sewage system during reconstruction. Content Filtrations 6. `Violence, disease caused end of Indus Valley Civilization` Inter-personal violence, infectious diseases and climate change had played a major role in the demise of the Indus or Harappan civilization around 4,000 years ago, according to a new study. ... scholars believe, the help bring about the end of the Harappan Civilization. unknown, the people were still there, but their great city was not there. On the other hand we now know that the Vedic civilization far from coming into existence after the Harappan, in fact ended with it; the mature Harappan civilization was the last glow of the Vedic age. The massive floods in the Indus must have been a potent cause for the extinction of the Harappan culture. Interesting Indian Inventions and Discoveries That Are Universally Accepted, Online Distance Learning Through Open Universities in India, 10 Ayurvedic medicines for weight loss without side effects. Natural causes such as floods, droughts, or disease might have played a part. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. There is evidence of deforestation as woodlands were cleared to create more arable land to feed a growing population. Outbreak of the plague epidemic is shown as a reason for the decline of Harappan civilization. Around 2000 BC, there was found an increase in arid conditions. Defeat and death of the Harapan people must have come at the hands of the invading Aryans. It is certain that the decline of the Harappan civilisation was not caused by invading Aryans or non-Aryans. 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