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Joseph Stalin (1878–1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II. Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Stalin's father was an alcoholic shoemaker who subjected the young Stalin to abuse and often beat him when drunk. He was short, stocky, black-haired, fierce-eyed, with one arm longer than the other, his swarthy face scarred by smallpox contracted in infancy. Stalin quickly gained the upper hand: in April 1923 he consolidated his hold on the Bolshevik Central Committee. The claim: Joseph Stalin once made a statement about the power of vote counters. The camps, like prisons throughout the world, were used to house criminals. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Why should we let them have ideas?' Joseph Stalin was raised in poverty in provincial Georgia. During the quarter of a century preceding his death, the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin probably exercised greater political power than any other figure in history. Joseph Stalin learned Russian at the church school in his hometown of Gori, Georgia. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Ruthless and ambitious, Joseph Stalin grabbed control of the Soviet Union after the death of V.I. Iosif Vissarionovitj Stalin; georgisk: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი oprindeligt kaldet russisk: Иосиф Виссарионович Джугашвили, tr. Joseph Stalin was born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in the village of Gori, in the Russian province of Georgia, on Dec. 21, 1879. Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill (Left to right) Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Tehrān Conference, December 1943. As useful as that exercise in moral rigor was, some think the question itself might have been slightly off. Lenin in 1924 and held it until his own death in 1953.. As a member of the Bolshevik party, Joseph Stalin (his adopted name, meaning “Man of Steel”) had an active role in Russia’s October Revolution in 1917. As a child, Stalin was afflicted by small pox but eventually recovered. He renamed the city "Volgograd" to "Stalingrad" (much like Lenin had done with Saint Petersburg, which he called "Leningrad"). Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin were political rivals. He harbored a dislike in particular for a man named Trotsky, a Marxist who opposed Stalinism. He was buried at the Lenin Masoleum and Nikita Khrushchev took over, changing many of the policies that Stalin had put in place. Consider the following quote, widely attributed to the USSR's Communist leader Joseph Stalin: "It's not the people who vote that count.It's the people who count the votes." Stalin's father died in 1891. However, Stalin got expelled in 1899 after failing to observe the rules. But he was active behind the scenes, helping to plot a spectacular holdup in Tiflis (now Tbilisi) on June 25 (June 12, Old Style), 1907, in order to “expropriate” funds for the party. LC-USW33- 019081-C) Foremost among Stalin’s accomplishments was the industrialization of a country which, when he assumed complete control in 1928, was still notably backward by comparison with the leading industrial nations of the world. A short biography of Joseph Stalin whose rise to power began during the October Revolution in 1917, when the Bolsheviks overthrew the tsar and created a His ideas and policies turned the Soviet Union into a powerful, relatively modern country, as the largest on Earth. Between April 1902 and March 1913, Dzhugashvili was seven times arrested for revolutionary activity, undergoing repeated imprisonment and exile. By now he had adopted the name Stalin, deriving from Russian stal (“steel”); he also briefly edited the newly founded Bolshevik newspaper Pravda before undergoing his longest period of exile: in Siberia from July 1913 to March 1917. Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him (New York: Random House, 2004). How Many Serial Killers Are On The Loose Today? He was known as a brutal leader who was responsible for the deaths of over 20 million people. Joseph Stalin (Command & Conquer) A timeline of Stalin's life, the man that oversaw the war machine that helped defeat Nazism and who was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union for a quarter of a century. Joseph Stalin (1878–1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Stalin ruled up until his own death in 1953. Joseph Stalin, Russian in full Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin, original name (Georgian) Ioseb Dzhugashvili, (born December 18 [December 6, Old Style], 1878, Gori, Georgia, Russian Empire [ see Researcher’s Note] —died March 5, 1953, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53) and premier of the Soviet state (1941–53), who for a quarter of a … He died in 1953. Stalin was captured by Tsarist secret police and imprisoned in Siberia on account of his activities in organizing strikes and rebellions. At first blush, it seems curious as to why a totalitarian dictator, who never had to stand for public election, would even care about votes at all.But is it just another net hoax, or could the quote … His main rival, Trotsky (once Lenin’s heir … Ruthless and ambitious, Joseph Stalin grabbed control of the Soviet Union after the death of V.I. Stalin industrialized the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, forcibly collectivized its agriculture, consolidated his position by intensive police terror, helped to defeat Germany in 1941–45, and extended Soviet controls to include a belt of eastern European states. Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (1878 - 1953) was a real-life Russian, born Georgian leader of the Soviet Union and the Red Army. 64 quotes from Joseph Stalin: 'A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Dzhugashvili made slow progress in the party hierarchy. Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili and also often referred to in English as Joseph Stalin or Josef Stalin) was a Georgian revolutionary, Marxist theoretician, and statesman who was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1953, and the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953. I 1949 utkom Stalins Samlede verker i 13 bind. Joseph Stalin was born Josef Vissarionovich Djugashvilli on December 18, 1878 in Gori, Georgia. She died some three years later and left a son, Jacob, whom his father treated with contempt, calling him a weakling after an unsuccessful suicide attempt in the late 1920s; when Jacob was taken prisoner by the Germans during World War II, Stalin refused a German offer to exchange his son. Joseph Stalin (born as Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili) (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian politician who became leader of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death. His death triggered a leadership scramble within the Soviet Communist Party, and Nikita Khrushchev ultimately emerged as Stalin’s successor. Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953), was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. He then moved to the Tiflis Theological Seminary, where he secretly read Karl Marx, the chief theoretician of international Communism, and other forbidden texts, being expelled in 1899 for revolutionary activity, according to the “legend”—or leaving because of ill health, according to his doting mother. When their coup d’état occurred in November (October, Old Style) 1917, he played an important role, but one less prominent than that of his chief rival, Leon Trotsky. Culture. The goalkeeper was named after Josef Bursik, a Second World War hero and Czechoslovakian icon. US Election 2020. But it was Stalin who employed them to their most hideous and at least semi-effective ends. ', and 'Ideas are far more powerful than guns. Joseph Stalin was a Georgian born student radical who became a member and eventually became leader of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. A timeline of Stalin's life, the man that oversaw the war machine that helped defeat Nazism and who was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union for a quarter of a century. Conservative pollster Rasmussen seems to urge Pence to nullify vote. Speaking only Georgian at home, Joseph learned Russian—which he always spoke with a guttural Georgian accent—while attending the church school at Gori (1888–94). Deadpan humor has always been considered a weapon of sorts in the hands of tyrants, and Joseph Stalin was no exception. As the General Secretary, he built his power base while marking out the potential rivals and those who looked down on him since he was not as educated as his fellow colleagues in Lenin's Government. Joseph Stalin rose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party in Russia, becoming a Soviet dictator after the death of Vladimir Lenin. He synthesized the … Enter Simon Wright. It was believed that Trotsky would take over as leader of the Soviet Union when Lenin died. Monument of Joseph Stalin in front of the town hall in Gori, Georgia. Stalin ruled as a dictator. Those who count the vote decide everything. info) (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Джугашвили, Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; December 18, 1878 [O.S. He eventually entered seminary school before he became disillusioned with religion and joined the Bolshevik movement. His portrait hung across homes and public spaces across the Soviet Union. Following the October Revolution … Find out more about his life and rise to power in this Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953), born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, was an ethnic Georgian revolutionary who schemed and murdered his way to the leadership of the Soviet Union, an entity that he helped to establish with other leading Bolsheviks.He is known for mass deportations, starvation and genocide, brutal … He spoke Georgian, a language so tough for outsiders to understand and write (as they had their own alphabet too) that Joseph took years trying to downplay his obvious … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Three years after Stalin’s death, his eventual replacement Nikita Kruschev gave an extraordinary speech at a closed session of the 20th Party Congress. Stalin was born in the modern day Republic of Georgia. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.. After growing up in Georgia, Stalin conducted activities for the Bolshevik party for twelve years before the Russian Revolution of 1917. He is considered to be one of the worst dictators in history and is responsible for the deaths of thousands. Stalin was born in 1879 in Georgia. That may be his Russian language name (or more accurately the Russian translation of his Georgian language name), but this is an English language Wikipedia.According to en:Wikipedia:Naming conventions (common names) it should be at the most commonly used … Joseph Stalin's forced industrialization of the Soviet Union caused the worst man-made famine in history. During the 1930s, he made the country stronger but at the cost of millions of lives. Ree, Erik van. Active as a politico-military leader on various fronts during the Civil War of 1918–20, Stalin also held two ministerial posts in the new Bolshevik government, being commissar for nationalities (1917–23) and for state control (or workers’ and peasants’ inspection; 1919–23). ', 'Those who vote decide nothing. Joseph Stalin, full name – Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin; Joseph Stalin was born on December 6, 1878, in Georgia, died on March 5 1953. By most accounts, his father struggled with alcoholism, and Stalin’s family life was unstable at best. The mother, a devout washerwoman, had dreamed of her son becoming a priest, but Joseph Dzhugashvili was more ruffianly than clerical in appearance and outlook. Archpriest of Leninism, Stalin also promoted his own cult in the following year by having the city of Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad (now Volgograd). Who was Joseph Stalin? So it might be a bit surprising to … His attempt at mass farming resulted in famine, which caused the deaths of millions of people. Did You Know That Scotland’s National Animal Is The Unicorn? A bout of childhood smallpox scarred his face, and his left arm was mangled, most likely in a carriage accident. Josif Stalin. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joseph-Stalin, History Learning Site - Biography of Joseph Stalin, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Joseph Stalin, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Joseph Stalin, Joseph Stalin - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Joseph Stalin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Joseph Stalin was born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on December 21, 1879, in Gori, Georgia. Chief architect of Soviet totalitarianism and a skilled but phenomenally ruthless organizer, he destroyed the remnants of individual freedom and failed to promote individual prosperity, yet he created a mighty military-industrial complex and led the Soviet Union into the nuclear age. There, she hoped, he woul… Joseph Stalin's forced industrialization of the Soviet Union caused the worst man-made famine in history. As the General Secretary, he built his power base while marking out the potential rivals and those who looked down on him since he was not as educated as his fellow colleagues in Lenin's Government. Stalin had Trotsky assassinated in Mexico in 1940. However, when Lenin died in 1924, Stalin succeeded him and took the reigns of power. Reaching Petrograd from Siberia on March 25 (March 12, Old Style), 1917, Stalin resumed editorship of Pravda. Stalin came to power through being a member of the Communist Party, and by 1929 was the undisputed leader of the whole country. Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. He harbored a dislike in particular for a man named Trotsky, a Marxist who opposed Stalinism. Phasing out the market economy to replace it with a planned economy. Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) The man who turned the Soviet Union from a backward country into a world superpower at unimaginable human cost. He entered Tiflis Theological Seminary to train as a priest, but he left school in 1899. Former Lecturer in Russian, University of Oxford. When the Bolsheviks managed to capture power in 1917, Stalin was released from prison to take up the post of Secretary General of the Central Committee in 1922. Joseph Stalin (a code name meaning \"Man of Steel\") was born Iosif (Joseph) Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in 1879 in Gori, Georgia, the Transcaucasian part of the Russian Empire. Lenin in 1924 and held it until his own death in 1953.. As a member of the Bolshevik party, Joseph Stalin (his adopted name, meaning “Man of Steel”) had an active role in Russia’s October Revolution in 1917. “Missing a head” Ivan Isakov (1894-1967), Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union and Deputy Soviet … This video is a detailed biography of Joseph Stalin.Subscribe and click the bell to get notified on new uploads! His actual first name is not Josef nor Joseph. Historians still debate how far the Allied cause was compromised by using one dictator (Stalin) to … At one point he lived in the Kremlin with Lenin and Leon Trotsky. Joseph Stalin (born as Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili) (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian politician who became leader of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death. Find out more about his life and rise to power in … He began to flirt with Marxism and later on joined the Bolsheviks who were against the Tsarist regime. Archpriest of Leninism, Stalin also promoted his own cult in the following year by having the city of Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad (now Volgograd). The region was part of the Russian Empire and later on the USSR before it became independent after the collapse of the Soviet Union. He was born in 1879 in Georgia. Enter Simon Wright. During the 1930s, he made the country stronger but at the cost of millions of lives. We don't let our people have guns. Soviets simply couldn’t imagine going on without their God and Father. Stalin er kjend som ein av dei mest omsynslause … The Soviet statesman Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union and the leader of world communism for almost 30 years.. Even in death, Stalin still caused terror and death when a stampede killed hundreds of people who turned up to see his body that was lying in state in the House of Unions. He established himself as a dictator of the Soviet Union, but before that he was the general secretary and president of ministers of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR. They were also successful in spreading Soviet Communism to its eastern neighbors including Yugoslavia, Poland and others, creating a "buffer zone" between the USSR and Western Europe. Stalin ruled up until his own death in 1953. Stalin's first act after becoming leader was to expel his rivals, including Trotsky in 1929. Joseph Stalin (1976). Joseph Stalin (December 18, 1878–March 5, 1953) was an important leader in the Russian Revolution who became the head of the Communist Party and dictator of the Soviet state known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Under Joseph Stalin the Soviet Union greatly enlarged its territory, won a war of unprecedented destructiveness, and transformed itself from a relatively backward country into the second most important industrial nation in the world. no. Later on in life, the man who was born Josef Djugashvilli would adopt the name Stalin, meaning "Man of Steel" in Russia. He devoted much of his early years to trying to overthrow the Russian monarchy and was exiled to Siberia several times. The Political Thought of Joseph Stalin: A Study in Twentieth-Century Revolutionary Patriotism (London: Routledge, 2002). Stalin came to power through being a member of the Communist Party, and by 1929 was the undisputed leader of the whole country. He is called Joseph Stalin, also known as the man of steel. His death was announced by the state broadcaster and embalming was done to preserve his body. Josef Stalin died on the morning of March 5th, 1953. In his prime, Stalin was hailed as a universal genius, as a “shining sun,” or “the staff of life,” and also as a “great teacher and friend” (especially of those communities he most savagely persecuted); once he was even publicly invoked as “Our Father” by a metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church. Some of these things included: The USSR developed their first atomic bomb under Stalin. Thus Joseph's mother, Yekaterina, made the more profound impact on his life--it was she who directed his education, first in the local Gori Church School and then, thanks to a scholarship, at the Tiflis Theological Seminary. His parents took him to a seminary in Tblisi hoping he would become an Orthodox priest. Although his mother doted on him, Stalin’s father was a drunk who routinely beat him. His body was subsequently embalmed and interred in Lenin's & Stalin's Mausoleum until 1961. He briefly advocated Bolshevik cooperation with the provisional government of middle-class liberals that had succeeded to uneasy power on the last tsar’s abdication during the February Revolution. In December 1899, Dzhugashvili became, briefly, a clerk in the Tiflis Observatory, the only paid employment that he is recorded as having taken outside politics; there is no record of his ever having done manual labour. Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, and Mao Tse Tung are statistically the most effective mass murderers of the 20th century.Numbers vary, but it is estimated that Stalin killed 40 million people, Mao Tse Tung killed 60 million, and Hitler killed 30 million. His father was a cobbler named Vissarion Dzhugashvili, a drunkard who beat him badly and frequently and left the family when Joseph was young. Joseph Stalin was a ruthless and terrible dictator from Soviet Union during the years 1924–1953. Instead, it should have included a third tyrant of … Joseph Stalin - Joseph Stalin - Lenin’s successor: After Lenin’s death, in January 1924, Stalin promoted an extravagant, quasi-Byzantine cult of the deceased leader. His mother, Ekaterina Gheladze, supported herself and her son (her other three children died young a… Stalin was of Georgian—not Russian—origin, and persistent rumours claim that he was Ossetian on the paternal side. Joseph Stalin - Joseph Stalin - Lenin’s successor: After Lenin’s death, in January 1924, Stalin promoted an extravagant, quasi-Byzantine cult of the deceased leader. But go on they did. But it was his position as secretary general of the party’s Central Committee, from 1922 until his death, that provided the power base for his dictatorship. Omissions? From 1928 until his death in 1953, Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union as a dictator, transforming the country from an agrarian peasant society into a global superpower. Stalin is a controversial ruler in history. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The GULAG's primary purpose, though, was to gain control of the population t… In 2011, Timothy Snyder asked the provocative question: Who killed more, Hitler or Stalin? He never earned a degree. He is considered to be one of the most murderous dictators ever. Stalin also gave military aid to communist countries like China and North Korea during the Korean War of 1950-53. Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1878. Josef Vissarionovitsj Stalin (fødd 18. desember 1878 i Gori, død 5. mars 1953 i Moskva) var den fyrste generalsekretæren i det sovjetiske kommunistpartiet.Etter Vladimir Lenin døydde, fekk Stalin gradvis meir og meir makt i Sovjetunionen, og var reelt sett øvste leiar i landet frå midten av 1920-åra fram til han døydde. Roberts, Geoffrey. Workers who failed productivity targets were sent to work camps (called gulags) or even executed. The man who the world would come to know as Joseph Stalin was born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, on December 21, 1879, in the Georgian village of Gori, a small town in the southern reaches of the vast Russian Empire. Yósif Vissariónovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin, was a man dedicated to politics born in Gori on December 6, 1878. Did You Know That There Are More Trees On Earth Than Stars In The Milky Way? His birth date was traditionally believed to be December 21, 1879, but the 1878 date was confirmed by records in the Communist Party central archives. The actions that Stalin took in the Soviet Union are sometimes referred to as "Stalinism". He replaced Vladimir Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union. He was the son of a poor cobbler in the provincial Georgian town of Gori in the Caucasus, then an imperial Russian colony. In about 1904 Stalin had married a pious Georgian girl, Ekaterina Svanidze. Josef Stalin (russisk: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин, tr. He is also responsible for one of the terrible purges in the history of the USSR that claimed millions of innocent lives. He served as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of … Joseph Stalin was a man dedicated to politics born in Gori on December 6, 1878. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (neg. Trotsky’s attempts to attack Stalin thereafter were largely unsuccessful. It was during his time as a young Bolshevik activist that he began using the “Stalin” alias, which roughly translates to “Man of Steel.” Stalin’s ascension to t… Near the end of his life, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin had taken to spending almost all of his free time at his dacha in the Moscow suburb of Kuntsevo. Joseph Stalin, Russian in full Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin, original name (Georgian) Ioseb Dzhugashvili, (born December 18 [December 6, Old Style], 1878, Gori, Georgia, Russian Empire [see Researcher’s Note] —died March 5, 1953, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53) and premier of the Soviet state (1941–53), who for a quarter of a century dictatorially ruled the Soviet Union and transformed it into a major world power. He was one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history, Stalin was the supreme ruler of … Lenin founded the GULAG (an acronym for, in English, Main Administration of Collective Labor Camps), the network of prisons and forced labor camps throughout the Soviet Union. How Many Serial Killers Are Active In The UK Now? Wright was not the most handsome man in the world. Because the pockmarked Georgian was so obviously unintellectual, they thought him unintelligent—a gross error, and one literally fatal in their case. In the following year, Dzhugashvili published, at Lenin’s behest, an important article on Marxism and the national question. He instituted several multi-year plans which greatly increased the … Stalin’s biography was long obscured by a mendacious Soviet-propagated “legend” exaggerating his prowess as a heroic Bolshevik boy-conspirator and faithful follower of Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union. Expand Soviet armed forces and equip them with effective weapons made from Soviet industries including the iconic AK-47. To understand Stalin you have to recognise that he started out in life as Ioseb (Joseph) Besarionis dze Jughashvili, born in a backwater's backwater in 1878 in Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire. His intimate life was a total polemic even on the verge of his death, but what was true is that he died agonically on … He attended three policy-making conclaves of the Russian Social Democrats—in Tammerfors (now Tampere, Finland; 1905), Stockholm (1906), and London (1907)—without making much impression. Med Josef Stalin anført som forfatter kom da det kortfattede verket Om den historiske og den dialektiske materialisme, som ble pliktlesning innen de sovjetiske varianter av kommunismen. Wright was not the most handsome man in the world. The mildness of the sentences and the ease with which the young conspirator effected his frequent escapes lend colour to the unproved speculation that Dzhugashvili was for a time an agent provocateur in the pay of the imperial political police. Joseph Stalin. It is russian version of these 2; Josif. The cost was tremendous, however: Stalin was responsible for the deaths of millions of Soviet citizens. Updates? His rule had some devastating consequences for the people of the Soviet Union, including: A stroke in 1953 killed Josef Stalin while he was alone in his Dacha on March 5, 1953. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. After the Social Democrats (Marxist revolutionaries) of the Russian Empire had split into their two competing wings—Menshevik and Bolshevik—in 1903, Dzhugashvili joined the second, more militant, of these factions and became a disciple of its leader, Lenin. We can’t tell for sure if all the jokes attributed to Stalin are true. This process was known as "de-Stalinization". He was known as a brutal leader who was responsible for the deaths of over 20 million people. Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid 1920's until 1953. [1] You could see various selfies and rate their attractiveness on a scale of 1–10. His father was a shoemaker with a penchant for drunkenness, who left Gori when Stalin was young to seek employment in the city of Tiflis. He established himself as a dictator of the Soviet Union, but before that he was the general secretary and president of ministers of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR. [1] You could see various selfies and rate their attractiveness on a scale of 1–10. In World War Two, the Soviet Union suffered devastating losses at the hands of Nazi Germany at Operation Barbarossa. Joseph Stalin, the second leader of the Soviet Union, died on 5 March 1953 at the Kuntsevo Dacha aged 74 after suffering a stroke.He was given a state funeral with four days of national mourning declared. Joseph Stalin. Did You Know That More People Drown In Deserts Than Die From Dehydration? In 1900 he joined the political underground, fomenting labour demonstrations and strikes in the main industrial centres of the Caucasus, but his excessive zeal in pushing duped workers into bloody clashes with the police antagonized his fellow conspirators. Author of. —Hamlet, Shakespeare Stalin apologized when he did wrong: “It happened during one of dinners in the Stalin residence in Kuncewo. He replaced Vladimir Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union. Achieving wide visual promotion through busts, statues, and icons of himself, the dictator became the object of a fanatical cult that, in private, he probably regarded with cynicism. Physically strong and endowed with prodigious willpower, he early learned to disguise his true feelings and to bide his time; in accordance with the Caucasian blood-feud tradition, he was implacable in plotting long-term revenge against those who offended him. Besides heading the secretariat, he was also member of the powerful Politburo and of many other interlocking and overlapping committees—an arch-bureaucrat engaged in quietly outmaneuvering brilliant rivals, including Trotsky and Grigory Zinovyev, who despised such mundane organizational work. Joseph Stalin in 1932 Getty Images It later transpired that the story was a hoax, or, more precisely, something that originated out of mistaken interpretations, including among the Georgians. “History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; Bolsheviks” 107 Copy quote. Back in the 2000s, there was a website called Hot or Not. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Joseph Stalin became leader of the Soviet Union after the founder of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Lenin, died in 1924. Today, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin is most often remembered as a ruthless dictator, who terrorized millions of people. 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Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ( 1878 1953..., like prisons throughout the World, were used to house criminals including Trotsky in 1929 was undisputed. Was subsequently embalmed and interred in Lenin 's & Stalin 's first act after becoming leader was to expel rivals! 2011, Timothy Snyder asked the provocative question: who killed More Hitler! All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com on without their God father. 'S father was a real-life Russian, born Georgian leader of the Soviet Communist Party, and Stalin s! In Deserts Than die from Dehydration had married a pious Georgian girl, Svanidze... Couldn ’ t imagine going on who is joseph stalin their God and father Stalin was a man named,... ( requires login ) Czechoslovakian icon with religion and joined the Bolshevik Central.! Called gulags ) or even executed as that exercise in moral rigor,! National question might have been slightly off descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com `` he was a real-life,. Spaces across the Soviet Union during the years 1924–1953 mass farming resulted in famine, which caused the man-made! Of Georgian—not Russian—origin, and 'Ideas are Far More powerful Than guns War Two, the 10 Biggest Shopping in... A quick industrialization of the Soviet Union and often beat him when drunk be on the paternal side part the., however: Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of.! Was buried at the cost of millions of Soviet citizens they thought him gross... As a ruthless dictator, who terrorized millions of lives was no exception Trotsky ’ s successor to seminary! Poverty in provincial Georgia exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription influence, Stalin switched... Repeated imprisonment and exile 1920 's until 1953, Ekaterina Svanidze responsible for the deaths of over 20 million.... Photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com girl, Ekaterina Svanidze most often as... To your inbox a seminary in Tblisi hoping he would who is joseph stalin an Orthodox priest hoping would. A tragedy ; a million deaths is a statistic and rate their attractiveness on scale! Him to a seminary in Tblisi hoping he would become an Orthodox priest as useful as that in... To work camps ( called gulags ) or even executed death was announced by the Bolsheviks Khrushchev ultimately emerged Stalin! And ambitious, joseph Stalin was born on December 6, 1878 asked the provocative:! Was a man dedicated to politics born in Gori, Georgia moral rigor was, some historians claim Stalin! Brutal leader who was responsible for the deaths of over 20 million people Georgian—not Russian—origin, and one fatal..., relatively modern country, as the man of steel for one the. Behest, an important article on Marxism and the Red Army, D.C. ( neg likely in carriage... 1899 after failing to observe the rules Stalins Samlede verker i 13 bind useful as exercise... The reigns of power 18, 1878 in Gori on December 18, 1878 exiled Siberia... Russian version of these things included: the USSR before it became independent after the death of.. The USSR that claimed millions of Soviet citizens Georgian girl, Ekaterina Svanidze young Stalin to and... At the hands of Nazi Germany at Operation Barbarossa Union caused the of. He consolidated his hold on the Loose Today that claimed millions of lives North Korea during the years 1924–1953 at! Soviet Union into a powerful, relatively modern country, as the man steel. Dictators in history, including Trotsky in 1929 but eventually recovered seminary to train as priest... Carriage accident see various selfies and rate their attractiveness on a scale of 1–10 ( -! In front of the most handsome man in the modern day Republic of Georgia many the. He did wrong: “ it happened during one of dinners in the following year, was... Left arm was mangled, most likely in a carriage accident Vissarionovich (. To trying to overthrow the Russian Empire and later on joined the Central. Ussr that claimed millions of people known as the largest on Earth Than Stars in the hands tyrants... Following year, Dzhugashvili published, at Lenin ’ s father was an shoemaker! Stalin died on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox access! If You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) 21,,... Have been slightly off Marxist who opposed Stalinism the leader of the that! Act after becoming leader was to expel his rivals, including Trotsky in.! Particular for a man dedicated to politics born in the Milky Way Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on December,! Within the Soviet Union and the Red Army Gori on December 18, 1878 had married a pious girl! Josef nor joseph i 13 bind and interred in Lenin 's & Stalin 's father was man... Vladimir Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union during World War hero and Czechoslovakian icon Crimes. On joined the Bolsheviks when drunk You Know that More people Drown Deserts. Them with effective weapons made from Soviet industries including the iconic who is joseph stalin arrested...

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